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Страдательный залог Form:11 Unit 1, lesson 4 Teacher: Manerko S.S. Страдательный залог (Passive Voice) образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be в соответствующем времени, лице и числе и причастия прошедшего времени смысл. глагола – Participle II (III –я форма или ed-форма). Active Voice – подлежащее само выполняет действие:The boy wrote a poem. – Мальчик написал стихотворение.Passive Voice употребляется когда неизвестно или неважно, кем выполняется действие – действие производится над подлежащим:The poem was written by a boy.- Стихотворение было написано мальчиком.Если указано, кем производится действие, употребляется предлог by. Is the suit pressed? Отглажен ли костюм? Has the house been built? Дом построен? Will they be requested to go there? Их попросят пойти туда? When will the telegram be sent? Когда будет отправлена телеграмма? How is this word spelt? Как пишется/произносится это слово? Вопросительная форма образуется путём переноса первого вспомогательного глагола на место перед подлежащим, например: He was not (wasn’t) sent there. Его туда не посылали. We were not told that he was ill. Нам не говорили, что он был болен. The books have not been sold yet. (Эти) книги еще не распроданы. Отрицательная форма образуется путем постановки отрицательной частицы not после первого вспомогательного глагола, например: TENSE ACTIVE PASSIVE Present Simple I make a cake A cake is made Present Contin. I’m making a cake A cake is being made. Past Simple I made a cake. A cake was made. Past Continuous I was making a cake. A cake was being made. Present Perfect I have made a cake A cake has been made. Past Perfect I had made a cake. A cake had been made. Future Simple I will make a cake. A cake will be made. Future be going to I’m going to make a cake. A cake is going to be made. Modal I must make a cake. A cake must be made. Modal Perfect I should have made a cake. A cake should have been made. She woke up early in the morning. - She was woken from her sleep by his singing.I deny that, - said Joan. – The decision was denied by my friends. Jane broke the vase. - The vase was broken by Jane. 1. Some libraries were founded by kings and presidents. 2. This book was published in 1890. 3. This work will be finished in March. 4. This telegram won`t be sent till tomorrow. 5. All my friends are invited to this party. 6. All the reports at the UNO are translated into Chinese. 7. We hope that your lost dog will be found soon. 1793 Eli Whitney invent cotton jeans 1794 Charles Wilson open the first US museum 1839 Abner Doubleday play first baseball game 1850 Levi Strauss begin making jeans 1876 A.G.Bell invent telephone Say what and when and by whom was invented. Use the table. 1879 Thomas Edison invent electric bulb 1893 Henry Ford build the first car 1895 play professional football 1923 Vladimir Zvorykin revolutionize television 1923 Charles Birdseye introduce fast frozen food 1928 broadcast 1st TV program 1938 introduce nylon 1947 invent transistors They have arrested him for shoplifting. People in Chile speak Spanish. They are repairing your car now. Solar power drives this car. The Chinese invented paper. He has been arrested for shoplifting. Spanish is spoken in Chile. Your car is being repaired now. This car is driven by solar power. Paper was invented by the Chinese. They have arrested him for shoplifting. People in Chile speak Spanish. They are repairing your car now. Solar power drives this car. The Chinese invented paper. He has been arrested for shoplifting. Spanish is spoken in Chile. Your car is being repaired now. This car is driven by solar power. Paper was invented by the Chinese. Мне расскажутI will be told Мне рассказываютI am told Мне рассказали I was told Мне покажут I will be shownМне показывают I am shownМне показали I was shown Нас спросили We were askedНас спрашивают We are asked Нас спросят We will be asked Нам ответили We were answeredНам отвечают We are answered Нам ответят We will be answered Ему помогли He was helped Ему помогают He is helped Ему помогут He will be helped 1. My question (to answer) yesterday. My question was answered yesterday. 2. Hockey (to play) in winter. Hockey is played in winter. 3. Mushrooms (to gather) in autumn. Mushrooms are gathered in autumn. 4. Many houses (to burn) during the Great Fire of London. Many houses were burnt during the Great Fire of London. 5. His new book (to finish) next year. His new book will be finished next year. 6. Flowers (to sell) in shops and in the streets. Flowers are sold in shops and in the streets. 7. St. Petersburg (to found) in 1703. St. Petersburg was founded in 1703. 8. Bread (to eat) every day. Bread is eaten every day. 9. The letter (to receive) yesterday. The letter was received yesterday. Тест:1. Окно разбито.а) The window is broken.b) The window was broken.c) The window will be broken.2. Окно было разбито.а) The window is broken.b) The window was broken.c) The window will be broken.3. Окно будет разбито.а) The window is broken.b) The window was broken.c) The window will be broken.4. Камень брошен.а) The stone is thrown.b) The stone was thrown.c) The stone will be thrown. 5. Фильм будет просмотрен.a) The film was seen.b) The film will be seen.c) The film is seen.6. Дом будет построен.a) The house will be built.b) The house is built.c) The house was built.7. Дом строится.a) The house is built.b) The house is being built.c) The house was built.8. Дом строился какое-то время.a) The house is being built.b) The house was being built.c) The house was built. 9. Статья прочитана.a) The article is read.b) The article was read.c) The article was being read.10. Статья читается.a) The article is read.b) The article is being read.c) The article was read.11. Статья была прочитана.a) The article was read.b) The article is read.c) The article was being read.12. Статья читалась в течение какого-то времени.a) The article was read.b) The article is read.c) The article was being read. Keys: 1) a; 2) b; 3)c; 4)a; 5) b; 6)a; 7) b; 8)b; 9) a; 10) b; 11) a; 12) c