разработка урока на тему Space Exploration


Цель: Формирование навыков устной речи по теме
« SPACE EXPLORATION»
Задачи урока:
Активизировать лексику по теме
Развить познавательный интерес к теме
Провести практику речевой деятельности
Уместно использовать современные информационные технологии на уроке
Ознакомить с названиями планет
Учебный аспект: Контроль основных навыков и умений речевой деятельности, владение лексическим материалом.
Развивающий аспект: Развитие познавательного интереса, развитие способностей к догадке, логическому изложению, способность работать с различными видами упражнений.
Воспитательный аспект : Привить интерес к достижениям современной науке в освоении космоса, в особенности отечественной космонавтики .Лексический материал : Mars , Earth, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Uranus, Neptune, Saturn, Pluto, Jupiter, Solar System , star, comet, meteoroid.
Оснащение урока:
Проектор, экран, компьютер
Раздаточный материал
Презентация в Power Point


№ Этап урока, содержание Слайд Режим Время
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII
IX
X
XI
XII Greeting. Introduction to the lesson
Good morning, guys! I’ m glad to see you. How are you today?
I think everything is O.K. Are you ready to start our work?
Let’s start!
Warming up
Check up the words of previous lesson:
flight-полет
universe –Вселенная
solar-солнечный
equipment-оборудование
both-оба
generation-поколение
whole-целый
crew-команда
launch-запускать
around-вокруг, около
satisfy-удовлетворять
memorable –памятный, запоминающийся
Lead in
What do you know about space?
Can we say that space exploration is the main part of science?
What cosmonauts do you know?
Who was the first cosmonaut in the world?
What do you know about him?
Match the words and their meaning
1 generation A. Things needed for some activity
2. memorable B. A journey through the air or space
3. universe C. All people of about the same age
4. crew D. Difficult to forget
5. equipment E. All space and everything in it
6. flight F. a group of people working together on a ship
7. whole G. All
Listening:
Listen to the short articles and try to learn information:
Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky – the founder of astronautics in Russia, put forward several ideas about space travel. Tsiolkovsky’s idea of spaceship was based on the use of liquid fuels . His calculations were used in modern theory of cosmonautics and practical space travel.
Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov- is a famous and founder of practical cosmonautics. He was the chief constructor of the first Earth sputniks and spaceships. Then followed rockets to the Moon, Mars, Venus.
The space age began on October 4, 1957. On that day, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial to circle the Earth. Its capsule weighing 83.6 kilograms went into Earth orbit carrying a radio transmitter whose “bleeps” ( pips) were received on the ground.
Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin, a Soviet air force pilot, was the first human to travel in space. The Soviet cosmonaut circled the earth on April 12, 1961. From blastoff to landing, his trip around the earth lasted 1 hour and 48 minutes. The news about space flight of the Soviet cosmonaut immediately flew over the world.
Valentina Tereshkova was the first woman-cosmonaut in the world. From June 16 until June 19, during a group flight with V. Bykovsky, the spaceship “Vostok-6” piloted by Tereshkova made in 70 hours and 41 minutes 48 circuits around the earth, covering a distance of about 2 million kilometers. When she was in space, she was there together with her “space-brother” Valery Bykovsky. This was another great achievement – launching two spaceship at the same time.
In 1965 the cosmonaut Alexey Leonov went outside wearing a space suit connected to the capsule by a line which also carried his oxygen supply, becoming the first person to “walk” in space. From the first experiments scientists went over to systematic exploration of space.
Say true or false.
1 Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky – the founder of astronautics in Great Britain, put forward several ideas about space travel.
Sergei Pavlovich Korolyov was the chief constructor of the first telephone.
On October 4, 1967 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite to circle the earth.
4. Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin, a Soviet air force pilot, was the first human to travel to Mars.
5. Valentina Tershkova was the first woman-cosmonaut in the world.
6. Alexei Leonov went outside wearing a space suit connected to the capsule by a line which also carried his oxygen supply, becoming the first person to “walk” in space.

Key: 1- false, 2 - false, 3 - false, 4 - false, 5 - true, 6 - true.
Let’s learn new words
Mars
Earth
Moon
Mercury
Venus
Uranus
Neptune
Saturn
Pluto
Jupiter
Solar System
Star
comet
meteoroid
Some facts about space exploration
Laika, a dog, was the first animal in space. She left Earth on 3 November 1957, in a capsule on board Sputnik 2. It contained an air supply, food and water, together with instruments for recording her heartbeat, breathing and blood pressure.
Belka and Strelka spent a day in space aboard Korabl-Sputnik-2 (Sputnik 5) on August 19, 1960 before safely returning to Earth. They were accompanied by a grey rabbit, 42 mice, 2 rats, flies and a number of plants and fungi. All passengers survived. They were the first Earth-born creatures to go into orbit and return alive.
The first manned moon landing on the Moon was the United States' Apollo 11 mission with Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin. Armstrong landed the lunar module ‘Eagle’ on the surface of the Moon at 4:17:42 p.m. July 20, 1969. He described walking on the Moon as ‘one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind’.
Apollo-Soyuz Test Project was the first joint flight of the U.S. and Soviet space programs. The mission took place in July 1975. For the United States of America, it was the last Apollo flight, as well as the last manned space launch until the flight of the first Space Shuttle in April 1981.
The Soviet space station Mir was launched in 1986. It was designed to stay in orbit for long periods for scientific experiments to be carried out on board.
Reading
Space Exploration
People often think that the age of space exploration began with the first spaceships in the 1950’s and 1960’s, though in fact, astronomers had been exploring the universe long before the beginning of space flights. Galileo made the first optical telescope used for astronomy in 1609. Later scientists got a lot more information about the solar system and its planets with the help of interplanetary probes, space capsules that carry special equipment and send information back to Earth.
From the beginning of the space age , both the Soviet Union and the United States were active in the exploration of the solar system . Both countries had their own space programmes, competing with each other. Both countries sent their probes to the Moon, to Venus, Mars and, Later, to Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Anyhow a real breakthrough in space exploration was the beginning of manned space flights. The first manned flight took place on April 12, 1961 when Yuri Gagarin went into orbit in the Soviet Vostok 1 spaceship and proved that man could survive in space.
The second-generation Soviet spaceship Voskhod were made for a whole crew of astronauts. In 1965 Voskhod 2 made a flight which was realy memorable because the copilot, Alexei Leonov, left the ship for the first time and became a space walker. He spent 10 minutes outside the spaceship in a special spacesuit.
The Soviet third-generation manned spaceship Soyuz was able of maneuvering and spending almost unlimited time in space. The next stage of space exploration was connected with the use of orbital stations. The first of them called Mir was launched in 1986.
At the same time the USA carried on its programme of the Moon exploration and in 1969 Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the Moon. In 1975 the Ussr and the USA made the first space experiment together.
The future of space exploration seems to be connected with cooperation work in space. People’s desire to know more about the world around us will never be satisfied and we can get the best results if we do his hard work together.
Jigsaw –Reading
When did Galileo make the first telescope?
When did the first flight take place?
What was the name of the spaceship?
Who was the first cosmonaut becoming a space walker?
What was the name of orbital station?
Who was the first man to walk on the Moon?
Choose the right item
The age of space exploration began ... the first space flights.
a) before b) with c) after
A manned flight is a flight in which the spaceship is operated by … .people on Earth b) robots c) astronauts
American astronauts reached the Moon … Russian cosmonauts.
before b) together with c) after

Practice

Express the same in English
Космическая эра началась с запуска первого спутника Земли.
Американские астронавты исследовали Луну и проводили эксперименты
Спутники позволяют получать нужную для человека информацию.
Среди достижений последних лет можно отметить запуски зондов на другие планеты.
Современные космонавты месяцами живут на космических станциях и регулярно выходят в открытый космос
Match the dates and achievements in the exploration of space:
1969 1986 1962 1971 1957 1963 1975 1986 1961
USSR launches first satellite, Sputnik 1.
Yuri Gagarin (USSR) is the first man in space.
USA launches first communications satellite.
Valentina Tereshkova (USSR) is the first woman cosmonaut.
Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin (USA) land on the Moon.
USSR sends two probes to Mars.
USA and USSR cooperate in space; Apollo and Soyuz craft dock (link) in orbit.
Pioneer spacecraft (USA) leaves solar system.
The Soviet space station Mir is launched into space.
Complete the sentences using the verbs :
competed, enable, developed, explored, orbited, was based, launched, receive, are transported, benefit
On that day, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics ______Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite to circle the earth.
But both nations began to realize that they could _____ from working together.
As a result, the Soviet Union and the United States______ with one another in developing their space programmers.
Weather forecasts ______ warning of storms with pictures taken by weather satellites.
Signals from navigation satellites_____ ship navigations and search and rescue forces to determine their positions with great accuracy.
The space age ______ a huge industry called the aerospace industry to design and build space equipment.
For about two hours Armstrong and Aldrin______ near the module and set up experiments.
Today, American astronauts ______ into space by the Space Shuttle.
The first manned space flight was made on April 12, 1961, when a Soviet cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, ______ the earth in a spaceship.
Tsiolkovsky’s idea of spaceship_____ on the use of liquid fuels.
Key: 1- launched, 2 - benefit, 3 - competed, 4 - receive, 5 - enable, 6 - developed, 7 - explored, 8 - are transported, 9 - orbited, 10- was based.



Speaking
What information about space exploration was the most exiting for you?
Would you like to be a cosmonaut? Why or why not?
What questions would you want to ask if you interviewed a cosmonaut?
Ask some questions about Russian space exploration
Home task and results
Write down your home task:
ex. 12-13 p.169 (in writing)
Imagine the lifestyle on Mars or another planet . Tell about your impressions
And now some words about our lesson.
Everybody was very active today. We have done much work during our lesson. Thank you for the lesson and your excellent work.
Conclusion
In conclusion I want to give you your marks……..
Stand up! The lesson is over. Have a rest. Goodbye. See you next lesson.
Оснащение урока
Проектор, экран, компьютер
Раздаточный материал
Презентация
Используемые ресурсы
http://www.nasa.gov National Aeronautics and Space Administrations
http://www.esa.int-European Space Agency
http://www.federalspace.ru/Russian Space Agency
http://space.skyrocket.de/
http://www.planet4589.org/space/
http://www.spacefacts.dehttp://www.space.com
http://www.spaceflight.nasa.gov
http://www.spacelist.org
http://www.russianspaceweb.com/
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