Grammar material Noun


Grammar Material : “ Noun”
Contests:
1. Noun – Forming Suffixes
2. The Most Common Prefixes
3. Nouns in Groups
4. Number ( Singular and Plural)
5. Subject –Verb Agreement
6.Gender7. Exercises
8. Noun (Singular or Plural)? Test No1
9. Noun Test No2

Compiled by
Tatyana DanilenkoSchool No 2, Lukhovitsy, Moscow Region, 2011.
Noun
I. Noun-Forming Suffixes.
-er reader, teacher, worker, actor, doctor
-ist typist, dramatist, communist, capitalist
-ness happiness, darkness, madness,
-ism socialism, nationalism, capitalism
-ess actress, hostess, duchess
-(a)ion decision, division
-tion information, communication, constitution
-hood childhood, boyhood, manhood
-dom freedom
-ship friendship, relationship
-ment government, development
-ance performance, importance
-ence difference, dependence
-ity personality, quality, majority
-ty difficulty, property, cruelty
-ure picture, nature, culture
-age marriage, courage, passage
II. The Most Common Prefixes
Re- reconstruction, reformation, repetition
Co- cooperation, coexistence
Dis- disappearance, discovery
Mis- mistake, misunderstanding
Over- overestimation
Under- under-secretary
Sub- subdivision
Inter- interaction, internationalism
Trans- transportation
III. Nouns in Groups.
(1). Noun (singular) + noun – первое существительное является определением ко второму, и эту структуру легко превратить в другую, где второе существительное становится подлежащим, а первое дополнением.
A sheepdog (= a dog that looks after sheep)
The airport bus (= the bus that goes to the airport)
An oil well (= a well that produces oil)
A shoe shop (= a shop that sells shoes)
Если существительное в функции определения имеет только форму множественного числа, то оно стоит во множественном числе.
A clothes shop a savings account
A glasses case the accounts department
A customs officer the sales department
Arms control athletics training
Когда существительное может иметь форму и единственного, и множественного числа, оба могут употребляться в Британском английском, и только единственное число в Американском английском.
A greetings card ( US greeting card)
The drugs problem (US drug problem)
The arrivals hall (US arrival hall)
The drinks cabinet (US drink cabinet)
Мы употребляем men и women для определения существительных во множественном числе, когда они имеют значение подлежащего. Man и woman употребляются для выражения значения дополнения.
Men drivers (= men who drive)
Women pilots ( = women who fly planes)
Man-eaters ( lions or tigers that eat people)
Woman-haters ( = people who hate women)
!!! Артикль перед сочетанием noun + noun во множественном числе опускается.
3-4 существительных могут стоять рядом, при этом первые 2-3 являются определением к последнему.
Oil production costs. Road accident research centre.(2). Noun + `s + Noun
В этой структуре первое существительное определяет или описывает второе или вся фраза обозначает принадлежность. Структуру легко преобразовать. Сделав первое существительное подлежащим, а второе – сказуемым или дополнением.
My mother`s car ( my mother has a car)
The committee`s report (the committee made a report)
The train`s arrival (the train arrived)
(3). Noun + Preposition + Noun
Употребляется, когда невозможно употребить первые два.
A feeling of disappointment
Letters from home
PS. Noun + `s + Noun употребляются с существительными, обозначающими людей, животных, страны, организации или другие группы живых существ. Для названия мест (Birmingham Airport) структура Noun + Noun обычно употребляется.
Special Cases.(1). Parts _ Мы употребляем структуру с (`s), чтобы сказать о частях тела человека или животных - a man`s leg, an elephant`s trunk, a sheep`s heart.
Говоря о неживых вещах, мы употребляем структуру Noun + Noun или структуру c “of”
A table leg, the car door, the roof of the house. Со словами top, bottom, front, back, side, edge, inside, outside, beginning, middle, end, part употребляется структура с “of” : the end of the film, the top of the page.
But: the water`s edge, the seaside, the roadside, a mountain top.

(2) Units, Selections and Collections.
Структура с “of” предпочтительнее с такими словами, как piece, slice lump (of sugar), bunch (of flowers), blade (of grass)
, pack (of cards), herd, flock, group & so on.
(3) ‘used by’
Структура “`s” может относиться к тому, чем пользуется человек или животное : children`s clothes, women`s magazines, a bird`s nest.
But: baby clothes, a birdcage.
(4) ‘ produced by’
Структура “`s” употребляется для обозначения продуктов от живых животных : cow`s milk, lamb`s wool, a bird`s egg, a hen`s egg, sheep`s wool.
Когда животное убивается для получения какого-то продукта, употребляется структура Noun + Noun : calf skin, chicken soup, chamois leather, fox fir, a lamb chop, tortoise shell.
(5) Containers.
Noun + Noun употребляется в названиях пустых контейнеров: a matchbox, a teacup, a paint tin. Но если он заполнен, то употребляется структура с ‘of’: a box of matches, a cup of tea, a tin of paint.
(6). ‘made of’
Структура Noun + Noun употребляется, чтобы сказать, из чего сделаны вещи: a silk dress, an iron rod, a stone bridge, a gold ring.
Noun (материал) + Noun: a gold watch, silk stockings, a lead pipe, a stone roof.
Adjective (метафористическое значение) + Noun: golden memories, silken skin, a leaden sky (grey and depressing), stony silence.
But: wooden = made of wool
Woolen =made of wool
(7) Measurement.
-Структура Noun + Noun употребляется при измерениях с цифрой перед первым существительным, цифра пишется через чёрточку с первым существительным, стоящим обычно в единственном числе:
A five-litre can, a three-mile walk, a five-year-old girl.
-Цифра (1) обычно опускается: a pint mug.
-В дробных цифрах –s множественного числа обычно не опускается: a two-thirds share.
- Перед словом worth употребляется структура “`s”: a pound`s worth of walnuts, three dollars` worth of popcorn.
(8) Measurement of time.
Структура “`s” (множественное число “s`”) часто употребляется, чтобы сказать, как долго что-то длилось: a day`s journey, three hours` journey.
Возможна структура Noun +Noun (см. п.7): a three-hour journey
(9) Other expressions of time.
-Структура Noun + Noun употребляется для обозначения регулярно происходящих или появляющихся вещей: the evening news, a Sunday paper.
-Структура “`s” употребляется, чтобы сказать о конкретном моменте или событии: yesterday`s news, last Sunday`s match.
III. Number (Singular and Plural)
(A).Regular Plurals.
Множественное число образуется путём прибавления –s к существительным в единственном числе.
Особые случаи:
(1) согласная + у --- согласная + ies: baby – babies, city – cities, party – parties.
But: гласная + У ---- гласная + ys : boy – boys, day –days.
В именах собственных: согласная + у = гласная + ys : I hate Februarys. Do you know the Kennedys.
(2). У существительных, оканчивающихся на sh, ch, s, x, z во множественном числе добавляется –es: church –churches, bus –buses, box –boxes.
Существительные на ‘z’ удваивают ‘zz’ во множественном числе: quiz –quizzes, fez – fezzes.
(3). У большинства существительных, оканчивающихся на –о, во множественном числе добавляется –es: echo – echoes, hero –heroes, negro –negroes, potato –potatoes, tomato – tomatoes.
Если в конце стоит гласная +о , то добавляется только -s: radios, videos, studios, stereos, zoos. А также –s добавляется к следующим существительным: сommandos, concertos, Eskimos, kilos, logos, photos, pianos, solos, sopranos, discos.
Несколько слов могут иметь два варианта –es or –s: buffalo(e)s, mosquito(e)s, tornado(e)s, volcano(e)s, zero(e)s, dingo(e)s, dodo(e)s.
(B). Irregular and Special Forms.
(1). Следующие слова, оканчивающиеся на -f(e) имеют во множественном числе -ves:
Calf – calves, elf – elves, half – halves, knife – knives, leaf – leaves, life – lives, loaf – loaves, self – selves, shelf – shelves, sheaf – sheaves, thief – thieves, wife – wives, wolf – wolves.
Dwarf, hoof, scarf, wharf – могут иметь во множественном числе обе формы –fs or ves.Все остальные существительные на –f(e) образуют форму множественного числа по общим правилам: roofs, chiefs, handkerchiefs, beliefs, safes.
(2). Слова – исключения.
Child – children Louse – lice
Man – men Mouse – mice
Woman – women Ox – oxen
Foot – feet Penny – pence (pennies)
Goose – geese Person – people (persons)
Tooth – teeth People – peoples (nations)
(3).Одна форма для единственного и множественного числа.
Barracks Series
Crossroads Species
Headquarters Works (=factories)
Means
Некоторые неисчисляемые существительные оканчиваются на -s, но они не употребляются во множественном числе. (Сказуемое всегда стоит в единственном числе):
Measles (и другие названия болезней на -s)
News
Billiards
Draughts ( и другие названия игр на -s)
Большинство существительных на –ics являются неисчисляемыми и употребляются в единственном числе: mathematics, physics, athletics,etc.
But: politics, statistics – могут употребляться с глаголом и в единственном, и во множественном числе.
- Некоторые существительные имеют форму единственного числа, обозначают и единственное, и множественное число, могут употребляться со сказуемым как в единственном, так и во множественном числе: craft (vehicle), aircraft, hovercraft, spacecraft, sheep, fish, deer, fruit, Japanese, Chinese ( и другие национальности на –ese)
- Если перед словами dozen, hundred, thousand, million, billion стоит цифра. То они не имеют окoнчания -s и предлог ‘of’ после них не употребляется:
- five hundred pounds
- ten thousand people But: thousands of people, hundreds of pounds.
- several thousand times But: It cost thousands.
- a few million years But: millions of years.
(4) Foreign Plurals.
Analysis – analyses (Latin)
Appendix – appendices/appendixes (Latin)
Bacterium – bacteria (Latin)
Basis – bases (Greek)
Cactus – cacti/ cactuses (Greek)
Crisis – crises (Greek)
Criterion – criteria (Greek)
Diagnosis – diagnoses (Greek)
Formula – formulae/formulas (Latin)
Fungus – fungi/funguses (Latin)
Hypothesis – hypotheses (Greek)
Kibbutz – kibbutzim (Hebrew)
Medium –media/mediums (Latin)
Nucleus – nuclei/ nucleuses (Latin)
Oasis – oases (Greek)
Phenomenon –phenomena (Greek)
Radius – radii/radiuses (Latin)
Stimulus – stimuli (Latin)
Vertebra – vertebrae/vertebras (Latin)
Datum – data (Latin)
(5). Мы употребляем `s, если во множественном числе стоит буква алфавита, дата, или аббревиатура.
She spelt ‘necessary’ with two c`s.
I loved the1960`s. (or… the 1960s)
Do you think MP`s do a good job? (or… MPs).(6). Compound Nouns.
Noun + adverb.Passer – by – passers-by
Mother-in-law – mothers-in-law
(7) Существительные, которые всегда употребляются во множественном числе.
Cattle scales clothes
The police scissors congratulations
Trousers glasses contents
Jeans binoculars customs (at the frontier)
Pyjamas pliers funds (money)
(US pajamas) goods manners (social behaviour)
The Middle Ages pants oats
Regards thanks odds (chances)
Remains surroundings outskirts
Savings the English premises (buildings)
Stairs (a flight of stairs) steps (a flight of steps)
(8) Collective Nouns.
Могут употребляться с глаголом в единственном или множественном числе.
Family firm crew
Bank government public
The BBC jury school
Choir ministry staff
Class orchestra team
Club party Union
Committee England (a football team)
My family is large. ( коллектив в целом)
All my family are at the table. ( все члены семьи в отдельности)
(9) Выражения, обозначающие количество.
A number of people have…
A group of us are…
A couple of my friends live… Употребляются с существительными
A lot of problems are… и глаголами во множественном числе.
The majority of criminals are…
Half of his students have…
Но: The number of people is…
IV. Subject - Verb Agreement.
(1). Слова со значением времени, денег, веса, объёма (time, money, weight, volume) имеют значение множества, но сказуемое и указательное местоимение с ними употребляется в единственном числе.
e. g. Where is that five pounds I lent you? Twenty miles is a long way to walk.
Если речь идёт об отдельно взятых днях, годах, банкнотах и т. д., то
сказуемое стоит во множественном числе.
e. g. The three years between 1991 and 1994 were the hardest for the state.
(2). Выражение more than one обычно употребляется с существительным и глаголом в единственном числе.
e. g. More than one person is going to come.
(3). Выражение one of имеет существительное во множественном числе, а сказуемое в единственном числе.
e. g. One of my friends likes football very much.
(4). Некоторые выражения, соединённые союзом and имеют указательное местоимение и сказуемое в единственном числе.
This gin and tonic isn`t very strong, is it?
Bacon and eggs was served for breakfast.
‘War and Peace’ is the longest book I`ve ever read.
(5).Страны и организации имеют местоимение и глагол в единственном числе.
The United States is anxious to improve its image in Latin America.
(6). Следующие слова употребляются в роли подлежащего, сказуемое всегда стоит в единственном числе.
Everyone someone anyone no one each every
Everybody somebody anybody nobody either
Everything something anything nothing neither
(7). They/them/ their употребляются со словами a person/anybody/ someone/ one/ whoever/ each/ every/ either/ neither/ no и другими производными, когда род лица не ясен.
If a person doesn`t want to, they are very difficult to help.
Nobody was late, were they?
Whoever comes, tell them to go away.Tell each person to help themselves to what they want.
Даже, если род лица понятен, употребляются местоимения they/ them/ their.
No girl should have to wear a school uniform, because it makes them look like a sack of potatoes.
I had a friend in Paris, and they had to go to hospital for a month. (occasionally about a particular person).
(8) Фразы с предлогом, вклинивающиеся между подлежащим и сказуемым и увеличивающие число действующих лиц, не меняют число сказуемого. Оно сочетается с первым подлежащим.
together with
in addition to
The man accompanied by his ten children is leaving soon.
along with
as well as
except smb.
(9). Neither …nor… ни…ни…
Either … or … или…или…
Both … and … и…и…
Both +and + глагол во множественном числе.
Both Bob and Alice are late.
Ед.ч.
Neither Bob nor Alice is late.
Мн.ч.
Neither Bob nor his friends are late.
(10). После no one/none сказуемое может быть и в единственном, и во множественном числе.
None of the stolen money was found.
None of the students have finished the exam.
No example is relevant to this case.
No examples are relevant.
(11). The majority believes.
The majority of students believe.
(12) Существительные, которые обозначают группу животных и рыб, употребляются только со сказуемым в единственном числе.
A flock of birds. – стая птиц
A herd of cattle – стадо скота
A pack of dogs, wolves – стая собак, волков
A school of fish – стая рыб
A pride of lions – семья львов
The flock of birds is circling overhead.
V. Gender.
(1). Англичане часто называют животных he/she.
She используется для машин, мотоциклов, кораблей и лодок.Можно использовать she для стран, но it более употребимо.
He употребляется часто, когда пол человека не известен, но часто he заменяется на he or she в таких случаях.
A doctor can`t do a good job if he doesn`t like people.
If a student is ill, he or she must send a medical certificate to the college office.
(2) Существительные, изменяющиеся по родам.
Actor – actress
Bride (groom) –bride ( after the wedding)
Fiancé – fiancée (before the wedding)
Divorce` - divorcee
Duke – duchess
Earl (count) – countess
Hero – heroine
Host – hostess
Monk – nun
Policeman - policewoman
Prince – princess
Waiter – waitress
Widower – widow
Mayor – mayoress ( the wife of the mayor)
Слова poetess, authoress не употребляются в современном языке. Вместо steward – stewardess употребляется flight attendant. Слова с man заменяются на более нейтральные a postman a mail carrier.

Exercises.1.Give the nouns which describe people who do things or who come from places.Use these noun endings:-an, - ant, - ar, -er, -ian, --ist, -or
1. He acta very well. He`s a fine … .2. Don`t beg. You`re not a … .3. I can`t play the piano. I`m not a … .4. She drives well. She`s a good … .5. Manuel assists me. He is my … .6. She always tells lies. She`s such a … .7. Anna is studing history. She is a fine … .2. Give the nouns derived from verbs, adjectives or other nouns. Use these noun endings: -age, -hood, -ation, -ion, -ful,- ence, -ency, -ness, -al, -(er)y, -ment, - -ety, -ism, -ity.
1. I decided this. It was my decision.
2. Don`t be so anxious. Control your … .3. Ann`s a socialist. She believes in … .4. We all want to be happy. We all seek … .5. We all agree. We all in … .6. Who discovered this? Who made this … .7. We`ll all arrive. We`ll be met on … .8. I was a child then. That was in my … .9. She is absent. Can you explain her … .10. Be more efficient. Improve your … .
11. Don`t be so curious. Control your … .12. I refused their offer. My … is final.
13. Can you explain it? Is there an … ?14. Don`t argue. I don`t want an … .3. Form nouns from the italicized words with the help of the suffixes.
1. Many people visited us during summer. We had many … .2. He suggested that I study French. I like his … .3. We couldn`t agree. We couldn`t reach an … .4. The detective investigated the murder. During his … he questioned dozens of people.
5. She described her trip. Her … was very full and interesting.
6. His health was improved since he has been in the clinic. The … is very noticeable.
4. Form nouns from the given words with the help of the prefixes.
Employment – unemployment
Connection, honesty, interpretation, difference, fortune, understanding, dependence, importance, security, election, construction.5. Rewrite these sentences using `s, s` or just an apostrophe (`)
1. This bicycle is for a child. This is a child`s bicycle.
2 This pen belongs to a teacher.
3. He described the career of the actress.
4. That`s a job for a stewardess.
5. These toys belong to the children.
6. This is a club for women.
7. It`s a school for girls.
8. This umbrella belongs to James.
9. That hat belongs to Doris.
6. Write the sentences in plural.
1. Put the box on the shelf.
2. I have hurt my foot.
3. This is an English dictionary.
4. Where is the knife?
5. This factory has a good laboratory.
6. The last leaf fell from the tree.
7. This story is very long.
8. The speech was very interesting.
9. He left the key on the table.
10. Where is the brush?
11. The roof of the house was covered with snow.
12. The wife of the sailor stood on the shore.
13. The ox drove the cart of hay.
14. I saw a mouse in the kitchen.
15. A very strange phenomenon was observed by astronomers yesterday.
7. Write the sentences in singular.
1. Women and children sat on the beach.
2. The keys to the boxes were lost.
3. The wolves have been shot.
4. The mice were caught.
5. These factories produce furniture.
6. The boy must have two teeth pulled out.
8. Supply the missing words.
1. The goods you ordered __________ arrived.
2. Where _______ the scissors? - ________ are in the first drawer on the left.
3. How much ______ a good pair of trousers cost these days?
4. How much do you pay for ________ trousers? -__________ were very expensive.
5. If your clothes _________ dirty, pleases put them in the laundry basket.
6. These shorts_________ fit me at all!
7. There ________ money in my pocket.
Noun - Plural/Singular? Test No 1.
1. Draughts ________ not a complicated game.
a) are b) is c) be
2. Scissors _______ a small tool with two sharp blades screwed together.
a) am b) are c) is
3. What _________ his politics? – He supports the Labour Party.
a) are b) is c) be
4. We`ll take ________ holiday.
a) four-days b) a four-day c) a four-days
5. Ill news __________ fast.
a) travels b) travel c) are travelling
6. Bright ______ should start school as early as possible.
a) childrens b) children c) childs7. All the available ______ show that the revolution started in the East.
a) datum b) data c) dates
8. They became successful_________ . a) businessman b) businessmen c) businessmans9. __________ delegates took part in the conference.
a) Two hundreds b) Two hundred c) The two hundred
10. My hair _______ clean.
a) is b) are
11. Can I borrow your scissors? Mine ________ not sharp enough. a) is b) are
12. Bad news ___________ make people happy.
a) don`t b) doesn`t
13. There ______ hair in my soup.
a) is a b) is c)are
14. I don`t want ___________ or help.
a) advices b) advice c) an advice
15. .I`ve seen some comedies this month. Each _______ funnier than the last. a) was b) were
16. We`d like three ___________ eggs.
a) dozen of b) dozen c) dozens
17. Knowledge _________power.
a) is b) are
18. Everybody ________ ready.
a) is b) are
19. I need my glasses. Where ________ the glasses?
a) is b) are
20. In summer we eat a lot of __________ . a) fruit b) fruits
21. There ________ a lot of sheep in the field.
a) is b) are
22. The police ________ to interview Fred about the accident.
a) wants b) want
23. Money ________ not everything.
a) is b) are
24. Last Saturday we went fishing, but we didn`t catch much __________ .
a) fish b) fishs c)fishes
25. Mathematics __________ an exact science.
a) is b) are
26. The sunlit __________ look beautiful.
a) roves b) roofs
27. It costs three ________ dollars.
a) hundred b) hundreds
28. Julia`s clothes ___________ in the wardrobe.
a) is b) are
29. Our team __________ the best.
a) is b)are
30. Our team ______ playing well.
a) is b) are
31. The United States __________ violent history.
a) have b) has
32. __________ are made of bronze.
a) pence b) pennies
33. The police formed _________ into a line.
a) themselves b) themselves c) itself d)himself
34. __________ my children, Ben and Mary. They don`t go to school yet.
a) This is b) That is c) These are d) There are
35. You can always telephone, if you need _________ . a) some advices b) some advice c) any advice d) an advice
36. What ________ the latest news about Peter? – I`m quite in the dark about it.
a) is b)was c) are d) were
37. The United States ___________ of 50 states.
a) consists b) consist c) are consisting d) is consisting
38. When I was at school, mathematics ________ my favourite subject.
a) is b) was c) are d)were
39. The French ________ in Algeria since 1830.
a) has been b) have been c) had been d) were
40. Mathematics __________ first based on practical problems of everyday life.
a) is b) are c) was d)were
41.The thief was caught and the police ___________ called.
a) is b) are c) was d) were
42. Four hundred dollars _________ not enough to live on even ten years ago. a) are b) is c) were d) was
43._______ children in the park. a) There was b) There were c) There is d) It was
44. You are tuned to BBC radio. There _____ the news.
a) are b) is c) were d)was
45. You`ve made a mess of my room. Where ______ my watch?
a) are b) is c)were d) was
46. Phonetics _______ first introduced in colleges at the turn of the century.
a) are b) is c)were d) was
47. The Chinese _________ the first to invent paper.
a) are b) is c) were d) was
48. Bob as well as Peter ______ swimming.
a) like b) likes c) is liking d) are liking
49. Two million roubles __________ stolen from the bank yesterday. a) are b) is c)were d) was
50. The study of languages _______ very difficult before the recorder`s invention.
a) is b) are c) was d) were
51. Mr Higgins, accompanied by his wife and children, ________ tonight. a) arrives b) is arriving c) arrive d) are arriving
52. A number of foreign reporters ______ present at the conference yesterday.
a)is b) are c) was d)were
53. Talking to her friends _________ her really happy.
a) makes b) make c) made d) making
54. None of the boys ________ how to skate.
a) know b) knows c) is knowing d) was knowing
55. __________ the news your brother wanted to tell you.
a) These are b) Those are c) This is d) What are
56. The quality of these oranges ________ excellent.
a)is b) are c)were d) have been
57. The police ________ not yet arrested anybody in connection with the murder.
a)has b) have c) is d) are
58. All but Boris _________ gone to the museum.
a) is b) are c) has d) have
59. Ten dollars _________ not a big amount. a) is b) were c)are d) has
60. He is ________ stupid and lazy.
a) either b) both c) neither d) nor
61. Buying clothes are often a very time-consuming practice because those clothes that a
A B C
Person likes are rarely the ones that fit him or her.
C D
62. The study of these animals are truly fascinating and many books have been written about
A B C D
them.
63. Many theories on conserving the purity of water has been proposed, but not one has been
A B C
as widely accepted as this one.
D
64. Danial said that if he had to do another homework tonight, he would not be able to attend
A B C D
the concert.
65. The work performed by these officers are not worth our paying them any longer.
A B C D
66. There were a time that I used to swim five laps every day, but now I don`t have enough time. A B C D
67. Those homework that your teacher assigned is due on Tuesday unless you have made prior
A B C D
arrangements to turn it in late.
68. There are ten childs playing in the yard near her house, but your child is not among them.
A B C D
69. A number of students was at the conference yesterday.
A B C D
70. The number of students who have withdrawn from class this quarter are appalling.
A B C D




NOUN - TEST NO2
1. ____________ not expensive. I bought __________ on sale.
a) These clothes were ……..them b) This clothes was ……….them
c) These clothing was ……..it d) this clothing were …..it2. Look! The clothing in these boutiques __________ on sale now. a) is b) are c) was d) have been
3. Let`s go and have a drink. We`ve got _________ time before the train leaves.
a) a little b) little c) many d) a lot
4. Paula and Bob are getting divorced? _________ interesting news.
a) That is b) These are c) Those have been d) There are
5. Money __________ buy love and respect.
a) isn`t b) aren`t able to c) doesn`t
6. I`ve got ________ money, I could lend you some, if you want.
a)little b) few c)a few d) a little
7. __________ too long. You look untidy.
a) Your hairs are b) Yous hair is c) Your hair is d) Hairs of yours is
8. Where _____ our luggage? – I don`t know.
a)are b) is c) have been d) were
9. How _________ have you got with you?
a) much luggages b) many pieces of luggage c) vuch pieces of luggage
10. It won`t take long to drive into town. There is ________ traffic on the road at this time of the day.
a) much less b) many fewer c) much more d) much fewer.
11. Before you go to England I should give you ___________ . a) two advice b) two advices c) two pieces of advices d) two bits of advice
12. Excuse me, can you tell me the time, please? Sorry, my watch _______ broken.
a)were b)has c) have d) was
13. Can you tell me something about King Author? My ________ in that area ______very poor. a) knowledge….are b) knowledges …are c) knowledge …is d) knowledges …were
14. Dominoes ________ still the most popular game with the pensioners.
a) are b) aren`t c) is d) isn`t
15. How _________ a good pair of jeans?
a) many are b) many have c) much is d) much do
16. Oh! Your new trousers _______ got a hole.
a) have b) has c)is d) are
17. Can I borrow your scissors? _____________ sharp enough.
a)My isn`t b) Mine isn`t c) My aren`t d) Mine aren1t
18. I can`t find my binoculars. Do you know where __________ ? a) it is b) is it c) they are d) are they
19. I changed my job not long ago because my wages __________ higher there.
a) is b) was c) were was offered
20. The police _________ to interview two men about the robbery last night.
a) want b) wants c) is wanting d) are wanting
21. When __________ delievered, we`ll inform you.
a) this goods is b) this goods are c) these goods is d) these goods are
22. As you come to the outskirts of the village, ________ traffic – lights. Turn left there.
a) there are b) there is c)it is d) these are
23. Be careful! The stairs ________ a bit dangerous. a) are b) is c) have d) are being
24. It`s time to go to bed. Where _____________pyjamas?
a)are my b) are hers c) is my d) are mine
25. Look! A black and white cat __________ the street in front of us. a) are crossing b) have crossed c) is crossed d) has crossed
26. Nuclear physics is very difficult, and _________ people understand it.
a)a few b) a little c) little d) few
27. There are _________ books in my library than in my friend`s.
a) many more b) much more c) many few d) little more
28. __________ automobiles have been imported this year than last year.
a) a lot fewer b) much fewer c) less d) much less
29. __________ cast iron has been produced this year than last year.
a) much less b) many less c) much fewer d) many fewer
30. She`s got ______________ homework than Tom.
a) much more b) many more c) fewer d) little
31. Two years ___________ a long time to be without a job. a) are b) has c)is d) were
32. My cat is so clever. Last winter he caught ____________ a) twenty mice b) much mice and rats c) many mouses and rats d) one mice and two rats
33. There are usually _________ visitors in this musemum.
a) a lot more b) less c) much more d) far less
34. On windy days there __________ people in the street.
a) is little b) is not much c) are many less d) are fewer


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