ВАРИАНТЫ ПОДГОТОВКИ К УСТНОЙ ЧАСТИ ЕГЭ


Варианты устной части ЕГЭ
ВАРИАНТ 1
Task 1
Imagine you are preparing a report about ecological problem and environmental protection. You want your friend to consult you and read a part of it for him. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently and then aloud.
Ozone layer or ozonosphere, region of the stratosphere containing relatively high concentrations of ozone , located above the earth's surface. Ozone in the ozone layer is formed by the action of solar ultraviolet light on oxygen. The ozone layer prevents most ultraviolet (UV) and other high-energy radiation from penetrating to the earth's surface but does allow through sufficient ultraviolet rays to support the activation of vitamin D in humans. The full radiation, if unhindered by this filtering effect, would destroy animal tissue. Higher levels of radiation resulting from the depletion of the ozone layer have been linked with increases in skin cancers and cataracts and have been implicated in the decline of certain amphibian species. In 1974 scientists warned that certain industrial chemicals, could migrate to the stratosphere. Damage to the ozone layer can also be caused by sulfuric acid droplets produced by volcanic eruptions.
Task 2
Look at the photos!
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You are planning to go on business to Rome and stay at the hotel. Make a call, ask 5 questions and reserve a room. Ask about:
vacant rooms;
hotel facilities;
price;
nearby cafés;
room service
Task 3.38969954862830-558805234305You are fond of travelling. You have already visited a lot of countries and taken many photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
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You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minute and speak for not more than 2 minutes. Speak about:
-where you took the photo;
-what country this is;
-what sight is on the photo;
-what this photo reminds you.Start with:
I have choses the photo number…
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
•give a brief description (action, location)
•say what the pictures have in common
37839656436360•say in what way the pictures are different
•say which kind of life you’d prefer
•explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously.

ВАРИАНТ 2
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting information for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out loud. You have1.5 minutes or less to read it.The fauna or animal life of Britain is much like that of north-western Europe, to which it was once joined. Many larger mammals such as bear, wolf have been hunted to extinction, others are now protected by law. There are many foxes. Otters are common along rivers and streams, and seals live along much of the coast. Hedgehogs, hares, rabbits, rats and mice are numerous. Deer live in some of the forests in the Highlands of Scotland and England. Some 230 kinds of birds live in Britain, and another 200 are regular visitors, many are songbirds. The most numerous are blackbirds, sparrows and starlings. Robin Redbreast is the national bird of Britain. The number of ducks, geese and other water fowl has diminished during recent years. There are many threats to wildlife and ecological balance around the coast. The biggest threat to the coastline is pollution. Even much-loved Blackpool is not officially safe. More than 3.500 million tons of industrial waste is pumped into the North Sea every year.
Task 2.

Your friend entered the university last year. You are planning to enter the same high educational establishment. Ask him questions for more information about:
entrance exams;
hostels and living conditions there;
students’ clubs;
laboratories;
lectures, tutorials, practical classes.
Task 3 These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend.
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You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
• where and when the photo was taken
• what/who is in the photo
• what is happening
• why you keep the photo in your album
• why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: "I’ve chosen photo number… "
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
• say what the pictures have in common
• say in what way the pictures are different
• say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer
• explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.
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Вариант 3.
Task 1
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Nitrogen is main ingredient of air. As every twelve-year-old knows, it accounts for 78 per cent of the air. Less than 21 per cent of air is oxygen. The high percentage of nitrogen in the air is a result of volcanic eruptions during the formation of the Earth. Vast amounts of it were released into the atmosphere. Being heavier than hydrogen or helium it has stayed closer to the surface of the planet. A key ingredient in gunpowder, it is also used to cure meat, as a preservative in ice cream.
The word nitrogen means soda-forming in Greek. Beer cans with pressure-sensitive widgets contain nitrogen, not carbon dioxide. The smaller nitrogen bubbles make a smoother, creamier head. The only other significant gas in air is argon. It was discovered by William John Strutt, who was also the first man to work out why the sky is blue.
Task 2
Study the advertisement.

You are considering visiting Alla Scala theater and you'd like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following: 1) current performances2) tickets price3) location of the theater4) if you can go backstage5) if they have an online booking service
You have 20 seconds to ask each question.
Task 3
32124652005330These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend.

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You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
• where and when the photo was taken
• what/who is in the photo
• what is happening
• why you keep the photo in your album
• why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: "I’ve chosen photo number… "
Task 4 Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
• say what the pictures have in common
• say in what way the pictures are different
• say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer
• explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Вариант 4
Task 1 Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Celebrating New Year’s is a universal tradition, but countries see the New Year in with different customs. You are probably familiar with the New Year’s Eve traditions of your own country, but do you know what the holiday looks like elsewhere around the globe? While many countries have fireworks, some also have their own unique traditions and customs. Here's a taste of some of the ways different countries usher in the New Year. Spanish New Year’s Eve usually starts with a traditional family dinner, but perhaps the most notable tradition is the countdown to midnight. Just before the clock strikes midnight, 12 grapes should be eaten as quickly as possible. In Russia a popular tradition is to bid farewell to the last year and welcome in the new one. Shortly before midnight, many Russians tune in to watch the president’s speech on TV or watch popular New Year shows.
Task 2 Study the advertisement.

You are considering visiting Natural history museum and you'd like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
1) working hours
2) number of available exhibitions
3) services they provide
4) if they have a free internet
5) if you can buy tickets online
You have 20 seconds to ask each question.
1536701376680191579534245553515995862330Task 3 These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
• where and when the photo was taken
• what/who is in the photo
• what is happening
• why you keep the photo in your album
• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with: "I’ve chosen photo number … ".Task 4 Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
• say what the pictures have in common
• say in what way the pictures are different
• say where you'd like to read
• explain why

35350453729355You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.


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