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Solar systemElena Litta The Solar System The Solar System is the Sun and all the objects in orbit around it. The Sun is orbited by planets, asteroids, comets and other things. Sun The Sun is a star like many others in our Milky Way galaxy. It has existed for a little over 4.5 billion years, and is going to continue for at least as long. The Sun is about a hundred times as wide as the Earth. Mercury The planet with the second highest temperature in the Solar System and the closest planet to the Sun. Mercury is the smallest planet in the Solar System. Mercury cannot be easily seen as it is usually too close to the Sun Venus The warmest planet. Venus is the brightest thing in the night sky except for the Moon. It is sometimes called the morning star or the evening star. It is easily seen just before the sun comes up in the morning and, at other elongations, just after the sun goes down in the evening. Venus comes closer to the Earth than any other planet does. Earth The only planet in the solar system that is known to have life and the only planet that has a large amount of liquid water. About 71% of the surface of Earth is covered by oceans. Because of this, people some times called it "blue planet". It has one natural satellite, the Moon. Mars Mars is the closest planet to the Earth. Mars is rocky and cold, with polar ice caps of frozen water and carbon dioxide. It has the largest volcano in the Solar System, and some very large impact craters. Mars is named after the mythological Roman god of war because it is a red planet, the colour of blood. Jupiter The largest planet in the Solar System. It is the fifth planet from the Sun. Jupiter is a gas giant, both because it is so large and made up of gas. SaturnSixth planet from the Sun. It has giant rings around it. Inside Saturn is probably a core of iron, nickel, silicon and oxygen compounds, surrounded by a deep layer of metallic hydrogen, then a layer of liquid hydrogen and liquid helium and finally, an outer gaseous layer. Uranus Seventh planet from the Sun. It has 11 rings around it. It is a gas giant. It is the third largest planet in the solar system. The planet is made of ice, gases and liquid metal. Its atmosphere contains hydrogen, helium and methane. Neptune The farthest planet from the Sun. Neptune is the eighth and last planet from the Sun in the Solar System. It is a gas giant. It is the fourth largest planet and third heaviest. Neptune has four rings which are hard to see from the Earth. It is 17 times heavier than Earth and is a little bit heavier than Uranus. It was named after the Roman God of the Sea.