Match the topics (A - G) with the paragraphs (16 -21). There is one extra topic.
A. CAR RACE
B. REAL PLEASURE
С. FAVOURITE TOY
D. SERIOUS PROBLEMS
E. HELPFUL MACHINE
F. DIFFERENT TOYS
G. UNUSUAL CAR
16. Things boys play with are not like objects girls play with. Boys often have more freedom to run about and they get guns, train sets, toy trucks and toy cars. Electronic games are very popular among young boys. Toys for girls are much quieter and more passive. Young girls often get things like dolls, dresses, and pictures to colour.
17."Teddies" are an important part of British culture. Most people in Britain have a teddy bear when they are young, and most people are very fond of their special bear, even when they are 30 or 40 years old! Many famous people like film stars or pop stars or politicians collect "teddies". These people have donated their old friends to the teddy bear museum which is in Stratford-on-Avon in England. Many tourists go to this place, because it is the birthplace of Shakespeare, but they often love the teddy bear museum more.
Computer games are a multimillion dollar industry, but people who really enjoy games are not satisfied with playing against the computer. They want to play against real people and most computer games allow you to do that just by joining up with other players on the Internet. Regular players say that this is where their true enjoyment of games can be found. With some games up to 60 people can take part. It's a good way to meet people and it gives you something to talk about.
The big American company General Motors has developed a vehicle that uses the power of the sun instead of petrol. The vehicle is called Sunraycer which means "ray of the sun" + "racer". Sunraycer has just taken part in a race against 25 solar-powered vehicles. Sunraycer covered the great distance in 45 hours at a speed of 41 miles an hour at temperatures as high as 48°C. It is certainly the car of the future.
20. Computers are a great technological invention of the 20th century. Their advantages are numerous yet much can be said against them. The main disadvantage of computers is that looking at a screen for long periods of time is bad for the eyes, and sitting on a chair for hours is not healthy. Also, people who use computers have a tendency to become anti-social and stay at home. The strongest argument against the use of computers is that the more jobs which are done by computers, the less are done by people.
21. Thirty years ago few people realized that computers were about to become part of our everyday lives. This short period of time has seen great changes in business, education and public administration. Jobs which took weeks to do in past, are now carried out in minutes. Schoolchildren have become as familiar with hardware and software as their parents were with pencils and exercise books and they don't worry about mistakes having a computer.
16 17 18 19 20 21
Questions 22-30 are based on Text 2
Just Me and the “Race of Truth”
Bill decided first to take part in the bike race, but then he refused to train seriously for it. He was not sure he wanted to compete. But I signed us up anyway. I like having goals, and we had never raced on our bikes before. I wanted to see how we’d do.
It was not what we expected — in fact, that race was quite a shock. But it certainly taught us some lessons. Our experience turned out to be a perfect illustration of the power of one sort of mental strategy in racing and a perfect example of what motivates some people to stay with a sport. The 36-kilometer (22-mile) race was a time trial: racers go off one by one at 30-second intervals and are ranked according to their speeds. I’m used to running races where everyone starts at once and you can be energized by the crowd and pace yourself by watching other runners. There are markers at every mile, and often there are clocks or race volunteers calling out times.
Here you are all alone. No mile markers. No crowds. Just you and the lonely road. Then there were the other riders. Girls, it seems, do not do this race. There were only eight of us, compared with 73 boys. But every racer looked like a serious athlete. Almost everyone had aero bars — special handlebars that look like horns. Many had aero helmets as well as aero wheels. Almost everyone was a member of a cycling team or club.
We had none of this special equipment. We were not on a team. My heart sank — what had we signed up for? We lined up according to our race numbers and set off, one by one. I was so nervous I forgot to set my bike computer, so I had no idea how far I had gone or how far I had to go. Nor did I know my average speed. It was like nothing I had ever done before, and I was not having fun. I kept telling myself just to keep going. I had told my friends I was riding, and I knew they would want to know how I did. I did not want to embarrass myself with a ridiculously slow time.
Finally, the race was over. “I’m never doing that again,” I said to Bill. “I was the slowest.” Well, he told me, he felt sure he was the slowest. We drove home. So much for thinking we were the fastest cyclists on the road. I was glad running is my real passion. It is not fun to feel like such a failure.
The next day the race organizers posted the results. What a surprise. I came in sixth out of the eight girls. And I beat two boys and tied with one.
Of course, we were still at the bottom of the heap, but suddenly our moods changed. “We should do this again”, Bill said. Only we should get aero bars and race again in the spring. Yes, I agreed. I’d love to see what we could do.
Not everyone wants to compete, of course. Recreational athletes take pleasure in a sport for its own sake and often feel no need to train and see how well they can do. They don’t care about their times. It’s not a mastery issue. They are not trying to conquer a hill, but just trying to climb it. Then there are the goal-oriented people whose motivation is somewhat different. And I guess that is what we are. “We have potential,” Bill said to me.
Decide which of the following statements (items 22-30 are True (T) or False (F).
22. At first I refused to take part in the cycling race
23. Bill and I have been professional racing cyclists for several years
24. I know what it is like to run together with a lot of people
25. No girls are allowed to be participants of the race
26. My bike computer was out of work during the race
27. We are going to buy special equipment for the next race
28. They are trying to conquer a forest.
29. I was glad jumping is my real passion.
30. Every racer looked like a good sportsman.
Transfer your answers to the answer sheet!
12 A, D