МЕТОДИЧЕСКОЕ ПОСОБИЕ ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ


Департамент внутренней и кадровой политики Белгородской области
ОГАОУ СПО «Старооскольский техникум строительства, транспорта
и жилищно-коммунального хозяйства»
О.А. КлимоваТ.В. Назаренко
методическое пособие по английскому языку
II курс
по специальностям:
23.02.03 Техническое обслуживание и ремонт автомобильного транспорта
23.02.06 Техническая эксплуатация подвижного состава железных дорог
08.02.01 Строительство и эксплуатация зданий и сооружений
(базовый уровень среднего профессионального образования)
Утверждено методическим советом Старооскольского техникума строительства, транспорта и ЖКХ
в качестве методических рекомендаций для преподавателей
Старый Оскол
2015 г.
Авторы: О.А. Климова, преподаватель иностранного языкаОГАОУ СПО СТСТи ЖКХ.Т.В. Назаренко,преподаватель иностранного языкаОГАОУ СПО СТСТ и ЖКХРецензенты: О.В. Бабаскина, преподаватель иностранного языкаОГАОУ СПО СТСТ и ЖКХЕ.М. Чумакова,преподаватель иностранного языкаОГАОУ СПО СТСТ и ЖКХ
Оглавление
TOC \o "1-3" \h \z \u
ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ PAGEREF _Toc409534909 \h 4Введение PAGEREF _Toc409534910 \h 6ПОУРОЧНОЕ ПЛАНИРОВАНИЕ PAGEREF _Toc409534911 \h 7ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 1 PAGEREF _Toc409534912 \h 23ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 2 PAGEREF _Toc409534925 \h 25ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 3 PAGEREF _Toc409534928 \h 26ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 4 PAGEREF _Toc409534943 \h 29ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 5 PAGEREF _Toc409534946 \h 31ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 6 PAGEREF _Toc409534947 \h 33ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 7 PAGEREF _Toc409534950 \h 35Приложение 8 PAGEREF _Toc409534951 \h 36ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 9 PAGEREF _Toc409534955 \h 40ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 10 PAGEREF _Toc409534958 \h 41ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 11 PAGEREF _Toc409534963 \h 44ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 12 PAGEREF _Toc409534964 \h 45ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 13 PAGEREF _Toc409534965 \h 49ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 14 PAGEREF _Toc409534967 \h 50ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 15 PAGEREF _Toc409534973 \h 55приложение 16 PAGEREF _Toc409534976 \h 55приложение 17 PAGEREF _Toc409534977 \h 57ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 18 PAGEREF _Toc409534978 \h 60ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 19 PAGEREF _Toc409534981 \h 60ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 20 PAGEREF _Toc409534984 \h 62ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 21 PAGEREF _Toc409534987 \h 64ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 22 PAGEREF _Toc409534994 \h 66ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 23 PAGEREF _Toc409534997 \h 68ПРИЛОЖЕНРИЕ 24 PAGEREF _Toc409534998 \h 74перечень Вопросов к дифференцированному зачёту PAGEREF _Toc409535001 \h 81Библиографический список PAGEREF _Toc409535002 \h 82

ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕПредлагаемое пособие разработано авторами в помощь преподавателям английского языка для работы в группах II курса среднего профессионального образования по специальностям: 23.02.03 Техническое обслуживание и ремонт автомобильного транспорта, 23.02.06 Техническая эксплуатация подвижного состава железных дорог, 08.02.01 Строительство и эксплуатация зданий и сооружений,
Данное пособие, составленное в соответствии с ФГОС, на основе рабочей программы учебной дисциплины «Английский язык» для специальностей среднего профессионального образовании, представляет собой краткие рекомендации по проведению занятий по английскому языку на II курсе, согласно рабочей программе по учебнику И.П. Агабекяна «Английский язык для ссузов».
Основная цель пособия – закрепить, обобщить и систематизировать знания, умения и навыки, приобретённые студентами в рамках базового курса, а также помочь им овладеть определённым количеством нового материала в соответствии с требованиями государственного стандарта к надбазовому уровню владения иностранным языком.
      Во всех компонентах пособия содержится избыточный материал, который обеспечивает возможность выбора речевых средств в зависимости от интересов, способностей и уровня обученности студентов.
      Избранный подход даёт возможность последовательно осуществить принцип индивидуализации, позволяя более способным студентам усвоить материал, выходящий за рамки базового и над базового уровней, а также способствует формированию у них ключевых учебных и личностных компетенций и развитию творческих компетенций.
Выполнение всех заданий является обязательным для студентов, т.к. они являются эффективным средством активизации и мотивации изучения английского языка, способствуют применению различных методов и приемов обучения для формирования у студентов системы прочных знаний, интеллектуальных и практических умений и навыков, помогают развитию мышления, побуждают к выполнению умственных операций: анализу, синтезу, сравнению, обобщению и др.
Пособие состоит из двух разделов, которые отражают общие требования к проведению практических работ.
В разделе I даны краткие рекомендации к проведению практических работ, которые включают порядковый номер практического занятия, соответствующий календарно-тематическому плану, тему практического занятия, его краткое содержание и цели.
В разделе II даны приложения, в каждом из которых представлены тексты и задания к выполнению: чтение, перевод, выборочный перевод, пересказ, ответы на вопросы, а также новые лексические единицы.
Предлагая преподавателю поурочные рекомендации, авторы видели свою задачу в том, чтобы, во-первых, помочь им адаптировать материал к конкретной группе; во-вторых, снабдить преподавателя дополнительным материалом, который может потребоваться для того, чтобы сделать упражнения более интересными для студентов.
Материал данного пособия прошёл апробацию при обучении английскому языку студентов по специальностям: 23.02.03 Техническое обслуживание и ремонт автомобильного транспорта, 23.02.06 Техническая эксплуатация подвижного состава железных дорог, 08.02.01 Строительство и эксплуатация зданий и сооруженийОГАОУ СПО СТСТ и ЖКХ

ВведениеОсновное назначение методических указаний – оказать помощь студентам в подготовке и выполнении практических работ, а также облегчить работу преподавателя по организации и проведению практических занятий.
Систематическое и аккуратное выполнение всей совокупности практических работ позволит студенту овладеть умениями самостоятельно изучать иностранный язык, анализировать и делать выводы в целях дальнейшего использования полученных знаний и умений.
Целями выполнения практических работ являются:
обобщение, систематизация, углубление, закрепление полученных теоретических знаний по конкретным темам дисциплины;
формирование умений применять полученные знания на практике, реализация единства интеллектуальной и практической деятельности;
развитие интеллектуальных умений у будущих специалистов; аналитических, проектировочных, конструктивных и др.
выработку при решении поставленных задач таких профессионально значимых качеств, как самостоятельность, ответственность, точность, творческая инициатива.

ПОУРОЧНОЕ ПЛАНИРОВАНИЕ№
ПЗ Наименование разделов
и тем Краткое содержание занятия Цели
2/2 Моя визитная карточка. Моя семья. Формирование лексических навыков 1) Стр.60, упр.5.7, прочитайте и переведите текст “Aboutmyself”
2) Стр. 61 записать лексику в словарь
3) Отработка ЛЕ в речи
4) Стр. 62, упр. 5.8. Письменно ответить на вопросы
5) Приложение 1 Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство с лексикой описания внешности, семьи.характера;развивающий аспект — развитие способностей клогическому изложению содержания высказывания к формулированию выводов из услышанного, прочитанного, способность к планированию своего высказывания, развитие способности к оценке чужого мнения и выражения собственного;
воспитательный аспект — воспитание убежденности в приоритетности общечеловеческих ценностей, формирование потребности и способности к критическому мышлению, формирование гуманитарного мировоззрения — способности к решению проблем, связанных с выживанием и милосердием, воспитание правового сознания, уважительного отношения к достоинству других людей, способность к пониманию чужой точки зрения на социальные проблемы;
учебный аспект — совершенствование речевых навыков
2/4 Моя визитная карточка. Моя семья. Формирование навыков чтения 1) Стр. 62, упр. 5.9. Найдите эквиваленты международных слов
2) Стр. 63, упр.5.10 Образуйте сложные существительные и переведите их
3)Составьте монолог о себе, используя в качестве примера текст на стр.60, упр.5.7
4) Приложение 2 2/6 Мои друзья. Внешность и характер. Формирование лексических навыков 1) Стр. 95, упр. 8.6. Прочитайте и переведите текст
2) Стр. 96-97 записать лексику в словарь
3) Отработка ЛЕ в речи
4) стр.97. Письменно ответьте на вопросы Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство с лексикой описания характера;
развивающий аспект — развитие способностей к логическому изложению содержания высказывания, к формулированию выводов из услышанного и прочитанного, способность к планированию своего высказывания, развитие способности к оценке чужого мнения и выражения собственного;
воспитательный аспект — воспитание убежденности в приоритетности общечеловеческих ценностей, формирование потребности и способности к критическому мышлению, формирование гуманитарного мировоззрения — способности к решению проблем, уважительного отношения к достоинству других людей, способность к пониманию чужой точки зрения на социальные проблемы;
учебный аспект — совершенствование речевых навыков;
2/8 Внешность и характер. Формирование лексических навыков 1) См. Приложение 3.
2) Записать лексику в словарь
3) Отработать ЛЕ в речи
4) Описать внешность друга(себя, мамы, и т.л.), используя Приложение 3 в качестве примера 2/10 Мои планы на будущее. Глаголы tobe, tohave. Формирование грамматических навыков 1) См. Приложение 4. Чтение и перевод
2) Записать лексику в словарь
3) Стр. 65, упр. 6.1 Вставьте глагол tobe в нужной форме
4) См. Грамматику Стр.129, упр. 163 Вставьте глагол tobe в PresentSimple Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство с различными родами деятельности в рамках профориентации;
развивающий аспект — развитие способности к репродуктивным и продуктивным речевым действиям;
воспитательный аспект — формирование потребности к самостоятельному труду;
учебный аспект — контроль уровня развития речевых умений.
2/12 Местоимения. Числительные. Формирование грамматических навыков. 1) Стр.24-28. Составить конспект грамматического материала по теме «Местоимения»
2) Стр. 28, упр.1.1 Напишите по-английски
3) Стр. 28, упр.1.2 Переведите на английский язык
4) Стр. 28-29, упр. 1.4. Переведите на русский язык Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство с различными видами местоимений (личными, косвенными, притяжательными, числительными;
развивающий аспект — развитие способности к образованию числительных;
воспитательный аспект — воспитание уважительного отношения к достоинству других людей, способность к пониманию чужой точки зрения;
учебный аспект — совершенствование речевых навыков;
2/14 Множественное число существительных. Притяжательный падеж. Формирование грамматических навыков. 1) Стр.47-50. Составить конспект грамматического материала по теме «Множественное число существительных»
2) Стр. 50, упр. 4.2 Напишите существительные во множественном числе.
3) Стр. 50-51, упр.4.3.Поставьте существительные во мн.ч. (обратите внимание на артикли: неопределённый артикль во множественном числе опускается, определённый артикль сохраняется)
4) Стр. 52, упр.4.7. Употребите притяжательный падеж существительных Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство с правилом образования множественного числа существительных, исключениями;
развивающий аспект — развитие способностей к выражению собственного мнения;
воспитательный аспект — воспитание уважительного отношения к достоинству других людей, способность к пониманию чужой точки зрения на социальные проблемы;
учебный аспект — совершенствование речевых навыков; сопутствующие задачи — развитие умения интерпретировать рисунки и подписи к ним.
2/16 Наша квартира в городе. Формирование лексических навыков. 1) См. Приложение 5. Чтение и перевод
2) Записать лексику в словарь
3) Отработка новых ЛЕ в речи Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство с лексикой описания квартиры, дома;
развивающий аспект — развитие способностей к логическому изложению содержания высказывания, к формулированию выводов из услышанного и прочитанного, способность к планированию своего высказывания, развитие способности к оценке чужого мнения и выражения собственного;
воспитательный аспект — воспитание убежденности в приоритетности общечеловеческих ценностей, формирование потребности и способности уважительного отношения к достоинству других людей, их частной собственности;
учебный аспект — совершенствование речевых навыков
2/18 Наша квартира в городе. Формирование грамматических навыков 1) Используя Приложение № 3, составьте письменный рассказ о своей квартире.
2) Стр. 85-86 повторить грамматический материал по теме «Предлоги»
3) Стр. 86, упр. 7.8 Заполнить пропуски предлогами. 2/20 Наш дом загородом. Формирование навыков чтения 1) См. Приложение 6. Чтение и перевод
2) Записать лексику в словарь
3) Отработка новых ЛЕ в речи 2/22 Мой рабочий день. Формирование навыков говорения 1) Приложение 7Стр.66, упр.6.4. Прочитать и перевести текст “Myworkingday”
2) Стр. 67 Записать лексику в словарь
3) Отработка новых ЛЕ в речи
Приложение 8
4) Стр. 67, упр. 6.5. Письменно ответить на вопросы Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство с лексикой, обозначающей виды деятельности в течении рабочего дня;
развивающий аспект — развитие способности к выбору выражений, адекватных ситуации общения;
учебный аспект — развитие речевого умения (диалогическая форма речи)
2/24 Еда. Магазины и покупки. Времена группы Present SimpleActive. Формирование навыков письма 1) стр.74, упр.6.13 Прочитать и перевести текст “MealsinEngland”
2) Стр. 75, упр.6.14. Составьте примерное меню вашего завтрака, обеда и ужина.
3) Приложение 9 Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство с лексикой, обозначающей продукты питания, меню, различными видами магазинов;
развивающий аспект — развитие способности к выбору выражений, адекватных ситуации общения;
учебный аспект — развитие речевого умения (диалогическая форма речи)
2/26 Типы вопросов. Формирование грамматических навыков 1) Стр.90-92 Составить конспект грамматического материала по теме «Типы вопросов»
2) Стр.94, упр.8.3. Поставьте к следующим предложениям вопросы (общие, специальные, разделительные)
3) С. 94, упр. 8.4 Переведите предложения на английский язык
Приложение 10 познавательный аспект — знакомство с особенностями постановки вопросов в английском языке; развивающий аспект — развитие способности к догадке (по словообразовательным элементам, по аналогии с русским языком, по дефиниции), к сравнению и сопоставлению речевых единиц, к формулированию выводов из прочитанного; воспитательный аспект — воспитание уважительного отношения к другой культуре, более глубокое осознание своей культуры через контекст культуры англоязычных стран;
учебный аспект — формирование лексических навыков чтения и говорения;
2/28 Оборот there be. Предлоги. Формирование лексических навыков 1) Стр.64-65. Составить конспект грамматического материала по теме «Оборот therebe»
2) Стр.66, упр.6.3 Напишите предложения в прошедшем и будущем временах
3) Стр. 65,упр.6.2. Поставьте вопросы к следующим предложениям
4) Стр. 65, упр.6.1. Вставьте tobe в нужной форме Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство с правилом употребления оборота therebe,с предлогами места, времени, образа действия;
развивающий аспект — развитие способности к выбору выражений, адекватных ситуации общения, развитие коммуникабельности;
воспитательный аспект — формирование потребности учитывать статус собеседников в разных ситуациях общения и использовать речь, адекватную ситуации общения;
учебный аспект — развитие речевого умения (диалогическая форма речи, развитие умения использовать в речи речевую функцию запроса информации);
2/30 Спорт в моей жизни. Формирование навыков чтения 1) Стр. 195. Прочитать и перевести текст “Sports”
2) Стр. 196 Записать лексику в словарь
3) Отработка новых ЛЕ в речи
4) Стр. 196 – 197 - письменно ответить на вопросы Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство с лексикой, обозначающей виды спорта;
развивающий аспект — развитие самостоятельности, воображения, способности осуществлять продуктивные речевые действия;
воспитательный аспект — воспитание потребности к занятиям спортом, здоровому образу жизни;
учебный аспект — развитие речевого умения;
2/32 Олимпийские игры. Формирование навыков письма 1) См. Приложение 11. Чтение и перевод
2) Записать лексику в словарь
3) Отработка новых ЛЕ в речи 2/34 Спорт и здоровый образ жизни. Формирование лексических навыков 1) Стр. 206. Прочитать и перевести текст “SportsinGreatBritain”
2) Стр. 207 - 208 Записать лексику в словарь
3) Приложение 12 Отработка новых ЛЕ в речи
4) Стр. 208 - письменно ответить на вопросы
2/36 Повелительное наклонение. Формирование грамматических навыков 1) См. Приложение 13. Чтение и перевод
2) Сделать краткий конспект
3) Отработка структуры в речи Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство со способом постановки предложения в повелительном наклонении;
развивающий аспект — развитие способности к выбору выражений, развитие коммуникабельности;
воспитательный аспект — формирование потребности учитывать статус собеседников в разных ситуациях общения и использовать речь, адекватную ситуации общения;
учебный аспект — развитие речевого умения (диалогическая форма речи, развитие умения использовать в речи речевую функцию запроса информации);
2/38 Модальные глаголы. Формирование грамматических навыков 1) Приложение 14Стр.140 - 143 Составить конспект грамматического материала по теме «Модальные глаголы и их заменители»
2) Стр. 143, упр 13.1. Переведите предложения. Проанализируйте употребление модальных глаголов в следующих предложениях
3) Стр.144, упр. 13.4. Вставьте необходимые модальные глаголы
4) Стр. 144, упр. 13.5. Переведите на английский язык, используя модальные глаголы
5) Стр. 145, упр. 13.6. Заполните пропуски соответствующими модальными глаголами. Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство модальными глаголами, с формальным, неформальным и нейтральным стилями речи;
развивающий аспект — развитие способности к выбору выражений, адекватных ситуации общения, развитие коммуникабельности;
воспитательный аспект — формирование потребности учитывать статус собеседников в разных ситуациях общения и использовать речь, адекватную ситуации общения;
учебный аспект — развитие речевого умения (диалогическая форма речи, развитие умения использовать в речи речевую функцию запроса информации);
сопутствующая задача — развитие умения осуществлять продуктивные речевые действия.
2/40 Мое свободное время. Формирование лексических навыков 1) См. Приложение 15. Чтение и перевод
2) Записать лексику в словарь
3) Отработка новых ЛЕ в речи
Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство со способами проведения свободного времени выходных, и каникул подростками;
развивающий аспект — развитие способностей к переключению внимания в упражнениях в разных видах речевой деятельности, к увеличению зрительного восприятия, к осуществлению продуктивных действий;
воспитательный аспект — формирование критического отношения к действительности, умения анализировать и давать оценку поступкам и событиям;
учебный аспект — проверка уровня сформированности навыков и развития умений по различным видам речевой деятельности.
2/42 Выходные. Формирование лексических навыков 1) Стр. 68. Прочитать и перевести текст “Mydayoff”
2) Стр. 69 Записать лексику в словарь
3) Приложение 16. Отработка новых ЛЕ в речи
4) Стр. 69 - 70 - письменно ответить на вопросы 2/44 Мои каникулы. Формирование навыков чтения 1) См. Приложение 17. Чтение и перевод
2) Записать лексику в словарь
3) Отработка новых ЛЕ в речи 2/46 Путешествия. Формирование навыков говорения 1) Стр198. Прочитать и перевести текст “Travelling”
2) Стр. 199 Записать лексику в словарь
3) Отработка новых ЛЕ в речи
4) Стр.199 - письменно ответить на вопросы
Приложение 18 Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство с различными способами путешествия (поездом, самолёом,а втомобилем, морем..);
развивающий аспект — развитие оперативной памяти, способности к сравнению, классификации;
воспитательный аспект — формирование терпимого отношения и уважения мнения другого человека;
учебный аспект — формирование лексических навыков чтения
2/48 Хобби. Временагруппы Past Simple и Future Simple Active 1) Стр. 209. Чтение и перевод текста «MyfavouritewriterA.C. Doyle”
2) Cтр. 209-210 – записать лексику в словарь. Отработка новой лексики.
3) Стр. 210 Ответить письменно на вопросы к тексту.
Приложение 19 Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство с различными увлечениями людей;
развивающий аспект — развитие оперативной памяти, способности к сравнению, классификации;
воспитательный аспект — формирование уважения мнения и интересов другого человека;
учебный аспект — формирование лексических навыков чтения;
2/50 Времена года и погода. Формирование лексических навыков 1) 103, упр. 9.4 Чтение и перевод текста «Seasonsandweather»
2) Cтр. 104 – записать лексику в словарь. Отработка новой лексики в речи.
3) Стр. 104-105. Ответьте на вопросы Цели: познавательный аспект — ознакомить с лексикой, обозначающей времена года, типы погоды, с видами деятельности в различные времена года научить студентов бережно относиться к родной природе;
развивающий аспект  развивать навык говорения, чтения, письма;
воспитательный аспект воспитание чувства гордости за свою страну;
учебный аспект — отрабатывать умение выделять главное из почитанного, услышанного, отвечать на вопросы и задавать их
2/52 Мое любимое время года. Формирование навыков чтения 1) 136-138, Чтение и перевод текста «Englishweather»
2) Cтр. 138 – записать лексику в словарь. Отработка новой лексики в речи.
3) Стр. 138-139. Ответьте на вопросы
Приложение 20 2/54 Охрана окружающей среды. Формирование навыков письма 1) Стр. 231. Чтениеипереводтекста «The protection of nature»
2) Cтр. 231-232 – записать лексику в словарь. Отработка новой лексики.
3) Стр. 232 Ответить письменно на вопросы . Цели: познавательный аспект — научить студентов бережно относиться к родной природе, к окружающей среде;
развивающий аспект  развивать навык говорения, чтения, письма;
воспитательный аспект воспитание чувства гордости за свою страну;
учебный аспект — отрабатывать умение выделять главное из почитанного, услышанного, отвечать на вопросы и задавать их
2/56 Охрана окружающей среды. Формирование навыков аудирования 1) См. Приложение № 21. Чтение и перевод текста «Theprotectionofnature»
2) Записать лексику в словарь.
3) Отработка новой лексики. 2/58 Мир животных. Формирование навыков письма 1) См. Приложение № 22. Чтение и перевод текста «Theworldofanimals»
2) Записать лексику в словарь.
3) Отработка новой лексики. Цели: познавательный аспект  — знакомство лексикой, обозначающей с животный мир;
развивающий аспект — развитие способности к анализу, сравнению, классификации; развитие объема и концентрации внимания; развитие способности догадываться о значении лексических единиц по контексту, знакомство с отношениями слова и контекста;
воспитательный аспект — формирование уважительного отношения к природе;
учебный аспект — развитие умения читать (с целью извлечения конкретной информации и детального понимания содержания);
2/60 Природные катастрофы. Прилагательные. Формирование грамматических навыков 1) См. Приложение 23. Чтение и перевод текста «Thenativecatastrophes»
2) Записать лексику в словарь.
3) Отработка новой лексики. Цели: познавательный аспект  — знакомство лексикой, обозначающей с различные виды катастроф; развивающий аспект 
развитие способности к анализу, сравнению, классификации; развитие объема и концентрации внимания; развитие способности догадываться о значении лексических единиц по контексту, знакомство с отношениями слова и контекста; воспитательный аспект — формирование уважительного отношения к природе; учебный аспект — развитие умения читать (с целью извлечения конкретной информации и детального понимания содержания).
2/62 Степени сравнения. Времена группы ProgressiveActive. Формирование грамматических навыков 1) Стр.77 - 79 Составить конспект грамматического материала по теме «Степени сравнения прилагательных»
2) Стр. 79, упр 7.1. Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степени от прилагательных и наречий
3) Стр.80, упр. 7.3. Раскрыть скобки, употребив необходимую степень сравнения прилагательных и наречий
4) См. Грамматику Стр. 138, повторить грамматический материал по теме “PresentProgressiveTense”
5) Стр. 137, упр. 173. Раскрыть скобки, употребляя глаголы в PresentProgressiveTense. Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство со способом образования сравнительной и превосходной степеней прилагательных, со способом образования временной группы ProgressiveActive;
развивающий аспект — развитие способности к комбинированию и трансформированию речевых единиц, способности осуществлять продуктивные речевые действия;
учебный аспект — совершенствование грамматических навыков;
2/64 Моя малая родина, её достопримечательности Формирование лексических навыков 1) См. Приложение 24. Чтение и перевод текста «StaryOskol»
2) Записать лексику в словарь.
3) Отработка новой лексики.
Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство с высказываниями сверстников о том, где они хотели бы жить; развивающий аспект — развитие способности к комбинированию и трансформированию речевых единиц, способности осуществлять продуктивные речевые действия;
воспитательный аспект — воспитание чувства гордости за свою страну; учебный аспект — совершенствование речевых навыков.
3/67 Города мира, их достопримечательности. Формирование навыков чтения. 1) Cтр.200. Чтение и перевод текста «Moscow»
2) Cтр. 201 Записать лексику в словарь.
3) Отработка новой лексики.
4) Пересказ текста
5) Стр. 201 – ответить на вопросы письменно Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство с особенностями географического положения развитие умения извлекать информацию о культуре англоязычных стран из текста;
развивающий аспект — развитие способности к догадке (по словообразовательным элементам, по аналогии с русским языком, по дефиниции), к сравнению и сопоставлению речевых единиц, к формулированию выводов из прочитанного; воспитательный аспект — воспитание уважительного отношения к другой культуре, более глубокое осознание своей культуры через контекст культуры англоязычных стран;
учебный аспект — формирование лексических навыков чтения и говорения;
2/69 Города мира, их достопримечательности. Формирование навыков аудирования 1) Приложение 25 Cтр.127-128, упр.11.3. Чтение и перевод текста «London»
2) Стр. 128-129. Записать лексику в словарь.
3) Отработка новой лексики.
4) Письменно ответить на вопросы 2/71 Времена группы PerfectActive. Сравнительная характеристика времен активного залога 1) Стр.116,упр.10.4. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную формы
2) Стр.116,упр.10.5. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках в нужную форму
3) Стр.117,упр.10.7. Переделайте предложения в вопросительно-отрицательные и дайте краткие ответы.
4) Стр.119, упр.10.10. Определите временную форму глагола и переведите на английский язык
5) Стр.120, упр.10.11. Вставьте подходящие по смыслу слова Цели: познавательный аспект — осознание родной культуры, сравнение знаний о родной культуре и иностранной;
развивающий аспект — развитие грамматических навыков;
воспитательный аспект — формирование самостоятельности;
учебный аспект — знакомство со способами образования временной группы PerfectActive;
сопутствующая задача — контроль умения учащихся самостоятельно оценивать себя в разных видах речевой деятельности.
2/73 Дифференцированный зачет Приложение 26 Цели: развивающий аспект — развитие умения самоконтроля;
воспитательный аспект — формирование самостоятельности;
учебный аспект — контроль уровня развития умений студентов.
ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 1Прочитать текст и перевести
about myself
You see, it's me - a person with his good and not good characteristics, liking this and hating that. But it's interesting for me to live, to open new things.
Let me introduce myself. My name is Igor. I’m sixteen years old. I’m at 10-th grade. I’m tall, slender, dark-haired boy with blue eyes.
I live in Stary Oskol. I have a brother and a sister. My elder brother Sergey is twenty, he studies at the Belgorod State University, and he will be a lawyer. My younger sister Olga is ten, she studies at school. By the way, we have one more member of our family, cat Ryzhik. We love him very much. My Mum is forty-two, she is a Spanish teacher. My Dad is forty-five, he is a computer programmer.
My grandparents are already retired. My Grandma likes gardening, and Grandpa likes fishing. They live in our city and visit us at weekends.
I have many friends. We spend a lot of time together. We play football, volleyball, basketball. In summer we like swimming in river and lakes. Besides school, I go in for sports. I play tennis. It’s exciting game, and I like it very much. Sometimes I take part in different tennis competition.
Soon I will graduate a school and I have to choose a profession. However, I have many interests and hobbies, for example, sports, travelling, music, so it’s not so easy to choose an occupation. My parents want me to be a computer programmer, like my Dad.
But I’m not sure because I’m not very good in mathematics. I like computer games, I like to surf the Net, to communicate with people in different social nets and forums. I even have my own blog. But I don’t want a computer programming to be my profession. Also I like tennis, but I don’t want to be a professional sportsman. You can ask me, why? Because I have another passion!
I’m fond of travelling so I’d like to work for a tour company. I dream to visit all countries throughout the world and to see all sightseeing and great places. I hope my dreams will come true!
Составить рассказ о себе, используя лексику:Описаниевнешности.eye — глазeyebrow — бровьforehead — лобnose — носcheek — щекаchin — подбородокjaw — челюстьskin — кожаwrinkled — морщинистыйwrinkles — морщиныbeard — бородаmoustache — усыeyelash — ресницаeyelid — веко
Тип лица.
oval - овальное, round [raund] - круглое square - квадратнымиНа лице человека могут бытьfreckles - веснушки. wrinkles - морщины.beautiful — красивое (о женщине) handsome - красивое (о мужчине)ruddy — румяное pale [peil] - бледноеgloomy ['glu:mi] - мрачноеpretty, nice - [nais] - приятное, симпатичноеplain - некрасивоеugly - уродливоеhorrible - ужасноеthin - худое
Описание улыбки (smile)sincere - искренняя, charming - очаровательная
engaging - обаятельная artificial - неискренняя forced - наигранная
cunning - хитрая
Описание носа (nose):straight - прямой snub - курносый aquiline - орлиный fleshy - мясистый flat - приплюснутый
Описание губ (lips):thin - тонкие compressed - сжатые thick - толстые protruding - выступающие вперёд shaking - дрожащие
Описание глаз (eyes):slanted - раскосые  narrow - узкие bulging - навыкате big [big] - большие jolly - весёлые —
watery - водянистые
cheerful - радостные
expressive [ik'spresiv] - выразительные
thoughtful - задумчивые
tear-stained - заплаканные
almond-shaped - миндалевидные
sparkling - сверкающие
serious - серьёзныеsly, cunning - хитрые
clear – ясные
close- / deep- / wide-set - близко, глубоко или широко посаженные
Описание цвета глаз:
brown [braun] - карие , green [gri:n]- зеленые, grey - серые , blue [blu:] - голубые, dark - черные. light [lait] - светлые
dark [da:k] - тёмные
Типы подбородка - chindimpled -  с ямочкой (подбородок) flat - плоский pointed - острый square - квадратный protruded - выступающий
Описание лба - foreheadhigh - высокийopen - открытый narrow - узкий low - низкий broad - широкий doomed - выпуклый
retreating - покатый
bodybuild – телосложениеДля описания внешности женщины:figure - фигураslim [slim] - стройная neat - изящная petite - миниатюрнаяlittle, small - [smo:l] - маленькая thin, skinny - худая
Для описания внешности мужчин:slender  - стройный. lean - худощавыйlathy - долговязыйshort - низкого ростаplump / overweight - полный. large, big [big] ] - большойmuscular - мускулистыйround [raun] - округлыйstooping - сутулыйstout [staut]   - толстыйobese [ou'biːs] тучный
fat  [fæt]/ stout - тучный, толстый, упитанный (менее корректно)
Составить описание внешности (своей / мамы / друга и т.п.)ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 2Прочитать текст, выписать и перевести выделенные словаMy family
A family… What is it a family? Everybody understands this concept differently. One has a mother and a father and they are his or her family. One has the only child and they both make a family. I must say, this all is not about me. My family is big. And I am really proud of this fact. My friends say that sometimes they even envy me. When my family gets together during the Christmas season, there is no room to swing a cat. I have an extended family, which consists of 17 people. Everything starts from my grandparents. Their names are Dana and Petro. They are now rather old and retired. My granny is 75 and grandpa is 84. They live in a small flat in a lovely small town in western Ukraine. My grandparents have three children: my aunt Maria, my uncle Vladimir and my mother Olga. And each of their children made their own nuclear family. So, let’s talk about my aunt. When she was 18, she married a young and handsome military officer named Vladimir. They moved houses very often but at last they settled in Belarus where their son, my eldest cousin, was born. His name is Vladimir. Now he is married and has his own family. His wife is Oksana and they have a son called Aleksey. Unfortunately, my aunt’s husband died about ten years ago and I really miss him. The family of my uncle Vladimir is rather big, too. He married his classmate Raisa and they have two children: two boys Anatoliy and Peter. Anatoliy married Nataly and they have two daughters: Raisa (named after her grandmother) and Yana. My youngest cousin Petro is a student and he lives in Lvov.
My family consists of four people: my parents, my sister and me. My parents went to the same school and after my dad had come back from the army they married. Then my sister was born and I was born four years later. You know, I am a schoolgirl and my sister is a student in Chernovtsy. She is going to be a lawyer. My mother is a librarian and my father is a taxi-driver. So, as you can see we are a typical Ukrainian family and we never get bored on holidays.
Key:
•concept- понятие•only child – единственныйребенок•be proud of – гордиться•no room to swing a cat – посл. Негде яблоку упасть•extended family – расширенная семья•envy - завидовать•retire – выходить на пенсию•nuclear family – маленькая семья•cousin – двоюродный брат или сестра•uncle - дядя•to get married – жениться или выходить замуж•husband - муж•unfortunately – к сожалению•named after – назван в честь•get bored – скучать
Составить рассказ о своей семьеПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 3Прочитать и перевести текст
appearance
How important is your appearance? Although everyone wants to tf good-looking, are beautiful people always happier people? For example, must be a problem to be a really beautiful woman, because some men ma: be more interested in looking at you than talking to you.
They think of you as a picture rather than a person. There are also some people who think that women who are exceptionally pretty and men who are particularly handsome must be stupid. They believe that only unattractive people can intelligent.On the other hand, no one wants to be really ugly, and have a face that nobody wants to look at; and no one wants to be plain either — that is to b neither attractive nor unattractive, and have a face that is easily forgotten.Being attractive is like being rich — it can help you find happiness, b it doesn't always make you happy. So maybe the best thing is to try to be interesting person. For interesting people have interesting faces, and interesting faces are almost always attractive.
Перевести текст письменно
Appearance: Parts of the Face
People who can't hear often learn to understand a spoken language with their eyes. They watch the mouth of the person talking and follow the movement of his lips. This is called lip-reading.
Some people think the distance between your hair and your eyebrow is a sign of how intelligent you are. The bigger your forehead is, the more intelligent you are supposed to be.
Nowadays, a person who doesn't like his or her nose can have it changed with plastic surgery. Plastic surgeons can change your face in many other ways too. They can make your cheeks a little rounder. If you don't like your chin, a plastic surgeon can break your jaw and re-make the whole lower half of your face. If you think your skin looks too old and wrinkled, he can take: the wrinkles away and make you look twenty years younger.
Women often disagree about men having beards and moustache. Bu some women think that hair on a man's chin makes him look more attractive.
Usually, only women wear make-up. They are lucky. They can put a little black mascara on their eyelashes and some eyeshadow on their eyelids, an look fresh and attractive, even when they are really tired.
Выполнизадания, используялексику:
1. Describe the face of someone you know well.2. Would you ever have plastic surgery? Why? Why not?3. Do you like when a man wears a beard or a moustache? Why do you think men grow them?
Vocabulary:
eye — глазeyebrow — бровьforehead — лобnose — носcheek — щекаchin — подбородокjaw — челюстьskin — кожаwrinkled — морщинистыйwrinkles — морщиныbeard — бородаmoustache — усыeyelash — ресницаeyelid — веко
body build - телосложение.Для описания внешности женщины:figure - фигураslim [slim] - стройная neat - изящная petite - миниатюрнаяlittle, small - [smo:l] - маленькая thin, skinny - худая
Дляописаниявнешностимужчин:slender ['slendə] -стройный. lean - худощавыйlathy - долговязыйshort - низкогоростаplump / overweight - полный. fat [fæt]/ stout - тучный, упитанныйlarge, big [big] ] - большойmuscular - мускулистыйround [raun] - округлыйstooping - сутулыйstout [staut]   - толстыйobese - тучный
hair – волосauburn - золотисто-каштановые, chesthut -рыжевато-каштановыеdark [da:k] тёмныеblack [blæk] - черныеred [red] - рыжиеgrey - седые.blond(e) блондинblond [blond - светлыеfair - белокурыеbrownhair - шатен brunette - брюнет . hair length - длина волос, long - длинные, short  - короткие, shoulder-lenght - до плечей, waist-length - до пояса.bald [bo:ld]  - лысый, с лысинойstraight - прямые, wavy - волнистые curly - кудрявые, вьющиеся.kinky - курчавыеplaited [plætid] - уложенные в косуbeautiful - красивыеrich hair - красивые, густые волосы thin - редкиеthick - густыеТип лица человека.
oval - овальное, round [raund] - круглое square - квадратнымиНа лице человека могут бытьfreckles - веснушки. wrinkles - морщины.beautiful— красивое (о женщине) handsome - красивое (о мужчине)ruddy— румяное pale [peil] - бледноеgloomy ['glu:mi] - мрачноеpretty, nice - приятное, симпатичноеplain - некрасивоеugly - уродливоеhorrible - ужасноеthin - худое
Улыбка - smileИскренняя - sincere очаровательной - charmingобаятельной – engaging
неискренняя - artificialнаигранная - forcedхитрая - cunning
Нос - noseпрямой - straight курносый - snub орлиный - aquiline мясистый - fleshy приплюснутый - flat
Губы - lipsТонкие - (thin сжатыми - compressed толстые - thickвыступающие вперед - protruding shaking - дрожащие
Глаза – eyes [aiz]раскосые - slanted  узкие - narrow навыкате - bulging большие — big [big]
весёлые — jolly радостные — cheerful водянистые — watery выразительные — expressive [ik'spresiv] задумчивые — thoughtful
заплаканные — tear-stained миндалевидные — almond-shaped сверкающие — sparkling
серьёзные — serious хитрые — cunning, sly
ясные — clear
близко/глубоко/широко посаженными (close-/deep-/wide-set).
Цвет глаз
brown [braun] - карие green [gri:n]- зеленыеgrey - серые blue [blu:] - голубые dark - черные light [lait] - светлые dark [da:k] - тёмные
Описане кожи - skinskin - кожаcream-white - белоснежнаяsunburnt / tanned - загорелаяsluggish - дряблой
О руках женщины:Hands [hænds] - Рукиdelicate ['delɪkət]] — изящныеsoft hands - мягкие руки, tender hands - нежные руки, delicate hands - утонченные рукиtender, caressing  ['tendə] -ласковыеtender, gentle ['tendə], - нежные
О руках мужчины мы говорим:calloused - мозолистые, puffy - пухлые, hairy - волосатые , strong  [strɔŋ] - сильныеshaking - дрожащие weak [wi:k]] - слабыеskilful - умелыеhorny - грубы
ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 4Прочитать текст, выписать и перевести выделенные словаMy Future Plans 
This year I am going to leave school. Before people leave school, they understand that the time to choose their future profession has already come. It's not an easy task to make a right choice.
Someone goes further in his education and enter an institute, university or college. Other can start a working career, go into business. There are many universities and institutes in every big city. Our city is not an exception.
If we want to get a professional training, we can enter a technical college. There is a huge number of professions to choose. But we should take our time while choosing our future profession. Some children choose profession their parents want, others do it in their own waywhile choosing their profession and there are some boys and girls, who want nothing. Anyway it is a dilemma for all the family.
Fathers usually want their children to follow their footsteps. Mothers don't want their sons and daughters to leave the native town or city. So, they persuade kids to enter local colleges and universities or institutes. To find out the best from the best, we should work a lot.
Because of the wide difference in jobs, we should find out all available information about any possible job. We also need to think about how well we can do what we would like to do. We have got to know the demand for professions on the local employment market.
To make the right choice, we should consider our possibilities, characters and abilities. To become a good doctor, you must be patient, easy going and smart. The teacher's work requires love for children, much patience, profound knowledge of subjects and the ability to explain and to teach. Detective's job is very stressful. He must be brave, reasonable, smart, fair and strong and have extraordinary brains.
By the beginning of the last year, I wanted to become a doctor. I thought it was a very prestigious profession. I was good at biology and zoology at the 8 and 9 forms. I wanted to help people, who had problems with their health. I know that a doctor should be noble in work and life, kind and attentive to people, honest and prudent. A doctor who is selfish and dishonest can't be good at his profession. I tried to do my best to develop good characters in myself.
Now, I have already decided what to do. I'd like to be a teacher. I know that it is very difficult to be a good teacher. It is a hard profession. You should know perfectly the subject you teach, you must be well-educated and well-informed. A good teacher develops in his students a desire for knowledge and love for truth and beauty. It is a great responsibility to educate the children. I think that's the reason why teachers are deeply respected.
More and more people realize that every educated person should know a foreign language. That is why I'm going to become a teacher of English. I like English. I liked it from the first lesson we first started learning it and it is still my favourite subject. I will try to enter the department of foreign languages at the University.
We study at universities or institutes to become a specialist for five years. If you want a bachelor degree, you have to study four years. After your final exams have passed, you are a qualified specialist. Some students keep studying and enter a post-graduate course to follow an academic career. Most university graduates take up teaching and return to school.
I know that a teacher's job is quite difficult. A teacher can't say, that he knows everything. Professional teacher is an experienced teacher. So, have graduated from a university or institute, young specialists have many things to do to become a real professional teacher, an example of competence.
So, choosing a career and then getting a job are two things, any person does in his lifetime. If we don't think about the future, we won't have one.
ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 5Прочитать и перевести текст.
My Flat
Our house is a short walk from the trolleybus stop. We live in panel house on the fourth floor. Our flat has all modern conveniences: central heating, gas, electricity, running cold and hot water, telephone, a lift and chute.
Our flat consists of three rooms, kitchen, bathroom and a hall. First there is a small hall with a mirror and small table with a telephone on it. The three rooms of our flat are: living-room, bedroom, my study.
The floor is parquet in the rooms and linoleum in the kitchen. There is a thick carpet in the living-room on the floor. All the rooms are papered with wallpaper of a different pattern and colour.
The living-room is the largest and most comfortable room in the flat. It's a large room with a balcony. In the middle of the room there is a table with some chairs around it. There is a sofa with two armchairs and low table with a TV-set on the left-hand side of the room. On the right-hand side there is a cupboard. There is a bookcase near it.
The bedroom is smaller and not so light. There are two beds, a wardrobe, a dressing-table.
The room I like best is my study. It is nice and cosy. It has a bed, a desk and an armchair. In the right-hand corner there is a bookcase full of books, magazines, newspapers.
The kitchen is handily arranged: there is a gas-stove, a frig, a deep sink, built-in cupboards and a table that folds against the wall when not in use. I like our flat very much.
2) Ответьтенавопросы:
1. Is your flat big or small? 2. On what floor is your flat? 3. How many rooms are there in the flat? 4. Has your flat all modern conveniences? 5. What room is the smallest in your flat? 6. Do you like your room? 7. Is your kitchen small? 8. What is the number of your flat?
Vocabulary:
conveniences — удобства central heating — центральноеотопление running water — водопровод chute — мусоропровод carpet — ковер wallpaper — обои wardrobe — шкаф dressing-table — туалетныйстолик cosy — удобный stove — печь sink — раковина to fold — складывать
3) Опишите свою квартиру, опираясь на текст
our flat
We have a nice flat in a new block of flats. Our flat is on the fourth floor. It has all modern conveniences: central heating, gas, electricity, cold and hot water, a lift and a chute to carry rubbish down.
There are three rooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a hall in our flat.
The living-room is the largest and most comfortable room in the flat. In the middle of the room we have a square-table with six chairs round it. To the right of the dinner-table there is a wall-unit which has several sections: a sideboard, a wardrobe and some shelves. At the opposite wall there is a piano and stool before it. Between the two large windows there is a little table with a colour TV set on it. Near the TV set there are two cosy armchairs. A small round table, a divan-bed and a standard lamp are in the left-hand corner. This small table is for newspapers and magazines. My father is used to having a rest sitting on this divan-bed reading books, newspapers, magazines or watching TV.
The bedroom is smaller than the living-room and not so light as there is only one window in it. In this room there are two beds with a bedside-table between them. An alarm-clock and a small lamp with a pink lamp-shade are on the table. In the left-hand corner there is a dressing-table with a big mirror. In this room we have a built-in wardrobe with coat-hangers to hang clothes on. There is a thick carpet on the floor and plain light-brown curtains on the window.
The third room is my study. It is not large but very cosy. There isn't much furniture in it, only the most necessary. It has a writing-table and an armchair before it. In the right-hand corner there is a bookcase full of books, magazines and newspapers. A small table with a radio is standing in the left-hand corner. Near it there is a sofa with some cushions. In my opinion, the study is the best room in our flat. But the warmest place in our flat is the kitchen, I think - the place where the whole family gathers every evening not only to have supper together, but also to speak and rest. I like the English proverb: "My home is my castle" because my flat is, indeed, my castle.

ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 6Прочитайте текст. Запишите выделенные слова в словарь, переведите и запомните
My house
My parents got married in 1983 when the Soviet Union still existed. As you know, at Soviet Union times almost all young couples were given flats free of charge, which looked absolutely similar. The same happened to my parents. They were given a three-roomed flat in one of the sleeping quarters of our town.  But my mother tried to make our flat unlike the others. There are three rooms, a hall, a kitchen, a bathroom, a toilet and two balconies in my flat. When you enter my flat, you appear in a long hall where you can find a set of wardrobes and a big mirror. On the right hand there is a kitchen.
Our kitchen is not very big but it is very cozy. There you can find all the appliances you need in a modern kitchen. There is a fridge, a gas cooker, a microwave oven, a food processor, a mixer, a coffee maker and so on. Also there is modern furniture, a kitchen table and four chairs. The walls are decorated with embroidered pictures. There is a big window in the kitchen and that’s why this room is always full of sunlight. My family likes to spend time in the kitchen because it is the warmest and the most comfortable place in my flat.
Going along the hall, you will enter a living room (also on the right hand). This room is my father’s favourite. He likes to have a rest there, lying on the sofa and watching TV. There is a set of wardrobes and bookcases on the right side of the room. On the left side there is a sofa, two armchairs and a coffee table between them. Also there is a big TV set in front of the sofa. There is a big window and a balcony in this room. My mother likes plants very much and that’s why this room and the balcony are full of plants.
Next to the living-room you can find a children’s room. It used to be my sister’s and my room but as my sister lives separately, this room is mine now. This is the smallest room in the flat but it doesn’t diminish its advantages. There is a wardrobe, a sofa, a bookcase, a desk with a computer on it and a dressing table. There is a fluffy carpet on the floor. There are posters on the walls and pot plants on the windowsill.
Our bathroom is painted in green colours. Our bathtub and a wash basin are yellow. Our towels and bathrobes are of different colours, the rug is blue, so that’s why when you enter this room you have an impression that you are inside a rainbow.
The toilet-room is really very small. There is nothing except a toilet and a small cabinet next to it.
So, let’s move to the last room in my flat. It is at the end of the hall on your left hand. This is my parents’ room. There is a double-bed, two bedside cabinets and a big wardrobe in this room. It is painted in warm colours and it is always a pleasure to rest there, reading a book or watching TV, which is on the wall. There is the second balcony in this room.
As they say, “My home is my castle”. So my home is a real castle for me and I don’t want to have another one.
Переведите текст письменноMy Home and My FamilyI think every person dreams about the place where he can share his problems, chat with close friends, where he can feel happy and quiet. For me it is my home. It is the best place in the world and my dearest people live here. My family is not large there are 4 of us. I have a father, a mother and a brother. We all live together in a new flat. Though it is not very big, I like this cosy place most of all on the earth. Here I feel protected from all the troubles, and I know that I'll be understood. To my mind, all this is due to my parents.
My father is quiet and hardworking. Really, he is a bread maker of the family. Dad is handy with many things. His hobby is fixing everything at home. My mother is very lively. She is life and soul of the family. My brother is only 11. He goes to school. He is funny and curious. He is constantly asking many questions often silly ones. But this only a moment - I can't imagine my life without our little monster.
We all feel happy when we are together. In the evenings we often have little gatherings in the kitchen by the cup of tea, chatting, laughing and discussing the events of the day. Those evening are the best of all. But sometimes I have problems with my parents. Sometimes they don't like the clothes I wear the music I listen to and the friends I bring home. It's not easy to be a teenager. My parents are hardworking. They combine work with housekeeping. Mum manages our household very well. We all are in the habit of helping her to run the house. My home is a cosy place. Our relatives and friends like to come to our place. My parents are very hospitable everybody feels at home in their flat. Really.
Vocabulary:
•couple– пара (супружеская)•freeofcharge – бесплатно•similar– подобные, похожие•sleepingquarters – спальный район•wardrobe– шкаф для одежды•mirror– зеркало•kitchen– кухня•cosy– уютный•appliances– приборы•fridge– холодильник•gascooker – газоваяплита•microwaveoven - микроволновка•mixer- миксер•coffeemaker – кофеваркаfoodprocessor – кухонныйкомбайн•modernfurniture – современная мебель•comfortable– удобный•livingroom – гостиная•bookcase– книжныйшкаф•sofa– диван•armchair– кресло•coffeetable – кофейныйилижурнальныйстолик•balcony- балкон•children’sroom – детскаякомната•diminish– уменьшать•advantages– достоинство•dressingtable – трюмо• fluffycarpet – пушистыйковер•posters– плакаты•windowsill– подоконник•bathroom– ваннаякомната•bathtub- ванная•washbasin – умывальник•towel– полотенце•bathrobe– банныйхалат•rug– коврик•rainbow– радуга•cabinet– шкафчик•double-bed – двуспальнаякровать•bedsidecabinet – прикроватныйстолик•pleasure– удовольствие
Ответьтенавопросыписьменно
1. Where is your house situated?2. How many rooms are there in your house?3. What is there in your kitchen?4. What is there is your living-room?5. What is there in your room?6. What is there in the room of your parents?7. Do you want to have your own house? What would it like?
ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 7Прочитать, перевести текст
а working day
I’d like to tell you about my daily routine which I follow more or less every day.
I get up at 7 o’clock. I should admit that I don’t quickly jump out of bed. I am definitely not an early riser. Then I take a shower, clean my teeth.  It takes 15 minutes to brush and order my hair and put on make up. After then I am ready for breakfast. I usually have a cup of strong coffee and a sandwich for breakfast. When I am full up I get dressed. I don’t do morning exercises. Perhaps I am lazy, perhaps I don’t have much time.
I don’t like to be late. So I leave home at 8. My working day starts at 9. My house is far from the office and I usually go by car. Sometimes when it is broken I use a taxi because it takes 40 minutes to get there. I work 5 days a week from 9 till 6.
After my working day I prefer to have a rest. But rest for me is not just sitting in front of TV and doing nothing. So straight from the office I go to the supermarket, buy some food and go home. There at first I prepare supper. I have a lot of thing to do about the house: water the flowers, tidy up the house, wash up and iron clothes. I don’t like to go out at week-days. But sometimes my friends or parents come to visit me. I am happy, of course. Twice a week I go to fitness.
As usual after supper I watch TV. I try to go to bed at 11 o’clock. Before falling asleep I usually read a book or a magazine.
So, that’s all I can say about my daily activities. Of course I look forward to weekends coming and make plans.
Запишите лексику в словарь:
dailyroutine -ежедневный распорядок
followmoreorless — более или менее соблюдаю
to get up  - вставать, просыпаться
to jump out of bed — быстро вставать с кровати (выпрыгивать)
definitely — определенно
an early riser - ранняяпташка
to  take a shower — приниматьдуш
to clean my teeth — чиститьзубы
to order one’s hair — приводить волосы в порядок
to put on make up — наноситьмакияж
to be ready for  - бытьготовымдля
to be full up — бытьсытым
to be late for — опаздыватьна
to be far from  - находиться далеко от
to go to work by car — ездитьнаработунамашине
to have a rest - отдыхать
to be broken  - быть сломанным
It takes … to get …. — занимает (по времени), чтобы добраться…
to do nothing — ничегонеделать
to wash up and iron clothes — стиратьиутюжитьодежду
beforefallingasleep — перед тем, как заснуть
tolookforwardto  - ждать с нетерпением
3) Ответьте на вопросы:
1. When does your working day usually start?2. What do you usually do in the morning?3. What do you usually do in the afternoon?4. What do you usually do in the evening?5. When does your working day finish?
Приложение 8Запишите и запомните слова и выражения. Составьте менюна завтрак, обед и ужинСписок слов по теме «Еда»Hospitality – гостеприимство a foreigner – иностранец to set foot in – ступать на to get acquainted with – знакомиться, ознакамливаться cookery – кулинария, стряпня national dishes – национальные блюдаestablishment – учреждения, заведенияsubstantial – существенный, важный, значительныйemployment – работа (внаем)home-made pastry – домашняя выпечка (кондитерские изделия, пирожные)to lay the table – накрывать на столoccasion – случай, возможность, событиеto spread – расстилатьto protect – защищать, ограждатьa tureen – супник, супницаa platter – деревянная тарелкаsauce – соус, приправа, гарнир из овощейcutlery – ножевые изделияhors d’oeuvre – закускаfor dessert – десерт, сладкое блюдоa napkin – cалфеткаa salt-cellar – солонка receiving the guests – прием гостей a menu – меню a clear soup – бульон a pasty, a pie – пирог the second course – второеблюдо a candle – свеча 
At the Backer’s – В булочной

Bread (white, brown, rye) – хлеб (белый, черный, ржаной)A loaf of bread – буханкахлеба Fresh bread – свежийхлеб Stale bread – черствыйхлеб A slice of bread – кусокхлеба A roll – круглаябулочка, сайкаA scone – булочкасизюмомA bublic, a bread-ring – бублик A rusk – сухарь A pie – пирог A pudding – пудинг Baking – выпечка, печенье Biscuits, cookies, piecrust – печенье A sponge cake – бисквитныйторт A cake – торт, пирожное A plum-cake – кекс Pastry – кондитерскоеизделие A crust of bread – коркахлеба
At the Butcher’s – В мясном

Meat – мясоRasher – тонкийломтикбеконаиливетчиныHam – ветчинаPork – свининаBeef – говядинаVeal – телятинаMutton – баранинаRump-steak – ромштекс, кусочеквырезкиBeefsteak – бифштексSirloin – филе (мясобезкостей)Minced meat, mince – фарш (мясной)Sausage – колбаса Sausage-meat – колбасныйфарш Fat – салоLard – сало (топленноесвиное)Suet – сало (натуральноеговяжьеилибаранье)Frankfurter – сосискаHot-dogs – горячиесосискиChops (pork, mutton) – отбивная (свиная, баранья)Cutlet – котлетаRissole, meat-ball – котлетарубленаяLiver – печеньHeart – сердцеTongue – языкTender meat – мягкое (нежное) мясоTough meat – жесткоемясоFat meat – жирноемясоLean meat – постноемясоA hamburger – гамбургер, булочкаскотлетойStew meat, braised meat – тушеноемясо A meat dish – мясноеблюдо
Poultry – Птица

A turkey – индейка A broiler – бройлер A chicken – курица A duck – утка A goose – гусь
Dairy Products – Молочные продукты

Milk – молоко Cream – сливки Whipped cream - взбитыесливки Sour cream – сметана Curds, cottage cheese – творог Cheese – сыр Fresh (new-laid) egg – свежееяйцо Boiled egg – вареноеяйцо Hard-boiled egg – яйцовкрутую Soft-boiled egg – яйцовсмятку Fried eggs – яичница–глазунья Scrambled eggs – яичница-болтунья Poached egg – яйцопашот (сваренноебезскорлупывкипятке)Omelet – омлет Yogurt – йогурт (простакваша)Butter – сливочноемасло Pats of butter – кускимасло Mayonnaise – майонез Margarine – маргарин
  At the Grocer’s – В бакалее

Cereal – крупа Sugar – сахар Buckwheat – гречка Macaroni – макароны Noodles – лапша Rice – рис Spaghetti – спагетти Millet – пшеничнаякаша Flour – мука Oats (am.) – овсянаякашаPorridge – овсянаякашасмолокомSalt – соль A bottle of sauce – бутылкасоуса A packet of salt – пачкасоли Castor sugar – сахарнаяпудра Granulated sugar – сахарныйпесок Loaf sugar – сахар-рафинадLump sugar – колотыйсахарTea – чай A packet of tea – пакет / пачкачая Coffee – кофеBlack coffee – черныйкофеWhite coffee – кофесмолокомReady-ground coffee – молотыйкофеCoffee beans freshly roasted – свежежареныезёрнакофеInstant coffee – растворимыйкофеCocoa – какаоPepper – перецVinegar –уксусSunflower oil – подсолнечноемаслоVegetable oil – растительноемаслоOlive oil – оливковоемаслоSpice – специи Mustard – горчица
At the Fishmonger’s – В рыбном

Fish – рыба Herring – сельдь Shrimps – креветки Lobster – омар Perch – окунь Pike – щука Plaice – камбала Trout – форель Cod – треска Halibut – палтус Salmon – лосось Sprats – шпроты Caviar – икра Eel – угорь Crucian  - карась Fish dish – рыбноеблюдо Fried fish – жаренаярыба Broiled fish – рыба, жареннаявдуховкеSmoked fish – копченаярыбаMarinated fish – маринованнаярыбаStuffed fish – фаршированнаярыба
At the Greengrocer’s – Вовощном

Apple – яблокоApricot – абрикос Pear – грушаPlum – сливаPeach – персикCherry – вишняGrapes – виноградBanana – бананOrange – апельсинPineapple – ананасTangerine – мандаринLemon – лимонPomegranate – гранатKiwi  fruit – кивиWater melon – арбузMelon – дыняGrapefruit – грейпфрут
Vegetables – Овощи

Tomatoes – помидорыCucumbers – огурцыCarrots – морковьPotatoes – картофельRadish – редисPeas – горошекEgg-plant – баклажанTurnip – репаBeets – свеклаBeans – фасоль Lettuce – салатAsparagus – спаржаCabbage – капустаFennel – укропGarlic – чеснокSpinach – шпинатCauliflower – цветнаякапустаOnion – лукCapsicum – сладкийперецVegetable marrow – кабачокCelery – сельдерейPumpkin – тыкваSauerkraut – кислаякапустаParsley – петрушка
Berries – Ягоды

Strawberry – клубника, земляникаRaspberry – малинаGooseberry – крыжовникBlackberry – ежевика, черникаCurrant – смородинаBlueberry – голубикаCranberry – клюква
Nuts – Орехи

Walnut – грецкийорехCashew nut – леснойорехNutmeg – мускатныйорехAlmond – миндаль
Drinks – Напитки

Hard drinks – алкогольныенапиткиWhite wine – белоевиноSparkling wine - виноигристоеRed wine – красноевиноWhisky – вискиVodka – водкаBrandy, coniac – коньякLiqueur – ликерChampagne – шампанское Rum – ромBeer – пиво Gin and tonic – джинитоник Sherry – хересVintage wine – виновысшегокачества, 
выдержанноевиноGin and lime – коктейль (джинсцитрусовымсоком)Sweet wine – десертноевиноFortified wine – крепленоевиноDry wine – сухоевиноSoft drinks – безалкогольныенапиткиLemonade – лимонадJuice – сокStewed fruit – фруктовыйкомпотJelly – кисель
Milk cocktail – молочныйкоктейльMineral water – минеральнаяводаOn the rocks – сольдом
ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 9Прочитать и перевести тексты
ShoppingWhen we want to buy something, we go to a shop. There are many kinds of shops in every town or city, but most of them have a food supermarket, a department store, men's and women's clothing stores, grocery,a bakery and a butchery.
I like to do my shopping at big department stores and supermarkets. They sell variousgoods under one roof and this is very convenient. A department store, for example, true to its name, is composed of many departments: readymade clothes, fabrics, shoes, sports goods, toys, china and glass, electric appliances, cosmetics, linen, curtains, cameras, records, etc. You can buy everything you like there.
There are also escalators in big stores which take customers to different floors. The things for sale are on the counters so that they can be easily seen. In the women's clothing department you can find dresses, costumes, blouses, skirts, coats, beautiful underwear and many other things. In the men's clothing department you can choose suits, trousers, overcoats, ties, etc.
In the knitwear department one can buy sweaters, cardigans, short-sleeved and long-sleeved pullovers, woollen jackets. In the perfumery they sell face cream and powder, lipstick, lotions and shampoos.
In a food supermarket we can also buy many different things at once: sausages, fish, sugar, macaroni, flour, cereals, tea. At the butcher's there is a wide choice of meat and poultry. At the bakery you buy brown and white bread, rolls, biscuits.
Another shop we frequently go to is the greengrocery which is stocked by cabbage, potatoes, onions, cucumbers, carrots, beetroots, green peas and what not. Everything is sold here ready-weighed and packed. If you call round at a dairy you can buy milk, cream, cheese, butter and many other products.
The methods of shopping may vary. It may be a selfservice shop where the customer goes from counter to counter selecting and putting into a basket what he wishes to buy. Then he takes the basket to the check-out counter, where the prices of the purchases are added up. If it is not a self-service shop, and most small shops are not, the shop-assistant helps the customer in finding what he wants. You pay money to the cashier and he gives you back the change. 
Shops and ShoppingWhen we want to buy something, we must go to the shop where it is sold. In the shop window we see what is sold in the shop.
Sugar, tea, coffee, salt, pepper, ham, bacon, and so on are sold at the grocer’s. Bread is sold at the baker’s, meat at the butcher’s. We go to the greengrocer’s for vegetables and fruit. We buy boots and shoes at the shoe shop. We buy books at the bookseller’s and jewellery and watches at the jeweller’s.
The salesman or salesgirl stands behind the counter. We ask the salesman: “How much is this?” or “What is the price of that?” He tells us the price. He gives us the bill. At the cash desk we give the money and the bill to the cashier, who gives us a check and our change. The salesman wraps up the goods and gives them to us. We put them in our bag.
Some shops have many departments. We can buy nearly everything we need there. They are called department stores. In some shops there are no salesmen, but only cashiers. The customers choose the goods they want and pay at the cash desk. These are called self-service shops. If someone tries to take things from a shop without paying they are almost certain to be caught. Most shops have store detectives who have the job catching shoplifters. Shoplifting is considered a serious crime by the police.
2) Выписатьиперевестивыделенныеслова
ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 10Типы вопросов
Тема: Типы вопросов. Формирование грамматических навыков
Цели: познавательный аспект — знакомство с особенностями постановки вопросов в английском языке; развивающий аспект — развитие способности к догадке, сравнению и сопоставлению речевых единиц, к формулированию выводов из прочитанного; воспитательный аспект — воспитание уважительного отношения к другой культуре, более глубокое осознание своей культуры через контекст культуры англоязычных стран; учебный аспект — формирование лексических навыков чтения и говорения.
Ход урока:
Орг. Момент.Проверка д/зОбъяснение нового материалаТипы вопросов в английском языкеВ английском языке существует три типа предложений согласно цели высказывания: повествовательные (declarative sentences), повелительные (imperative sentences) и вопросительные (interrogative sentences). В вопросительных предложениях английского языка содержится определенный вопрос для получения необходимой информации. Порядок слов в вопросительных предложениях зависит от типа вопроса (type of question) и от сказуемого (predicate). Но основной принцип – это постановка вопросительного слова (question word) — если оно присутствует — и вспомогательного глагола (auxiliary verb) в начало предложения. Существует пять типов вопросов в английском языке.
Вопроскподлежащему (question to the subject). В таком вопросительном предложении порядок слов прямой (неизмененный), да и в самом предложении все остается на своих местах. Мы лишь убираем подлежащее и вместо него употребляем подходящее вопросительное слово: Who? What? (кто – что). Ни в настоящем, ни в прошедшем времени этот тип вопроса в английском языке не нуждается в использовании вспомогательных глаголов. В будущем могут появиться вспомогательные глаголы shall / will, но они являются показателем именно времени и к вопросу, в принципе, отношения не имеют. Есть лишь один нюанс — в настоящем времени употребляем глагол в третьем лице и единственном числе. Примеры:What happened to us? – Что случилось с нами?
What makes you feel upset? – Что заставляет тебя грустить?
Who invites guests for the party? – Кто приглашает гостей на вечеринку
Общий вопрос (general question). Это вопросительное предложение в английском языке подразумевает постановку вопроса ко всему предложению. Ответом на данный вопрос служат слова да и нет. Поэтому этот тип вопроса в английском языке еще именуют yes / no question. В данном вопросе обратный порядок слов и на первом месте вспомогательный (do, does, is и т.д.) или модальный глагол. Примеры: Does she like knitting? – Она любит вязать?
Do you play computer games? – Ты играешь в компьютерные игры?
Is this his book? – Этоегокнига?
Глаголу  to be в настоящем и простом прошедшем времени не требуется никаких вспомогательных глаголов: Areyouathome? – Ты дома? Или Was he at the cinema yesterday? – Онбылвчеравтеатре?
Специальный вопрос (special question). Этот тип вопроса в английском языке отличается тем, что он может быть задан к любому члену предложения. Порядок слов тоже обратный, а для получения нужной информации используется ряд вопросительных слов: What? – что?; When? – когда?; Where? – где?; Why? – почему?;Which? – который? и другие. Примеры: Where are you going to move? – Куда ты собираешься переехать?
What would you like to read? – Чтобытыхотелпочитать?
When did you leave the house? – Когдатыушелиздома?
Альтернативный вопрос (alternative question)
Задаем к любому члену предложения, однако особенностью этого вопросительного предложения является выбор между двумя предметами, лицами, качествами, действиями и т.д. В таком вопросе будет обязательно присутствовать союз или — or. Примеры: They finished writing the article at 5 p.m. – Онизакончилиписатьстатьюв 5 вечера. Did they finish writing the article in the morning or at night? – Онизакончилиписатьстатьюутромиливечером?
Did they finish writing or reading the article? – Онизакончилиписатьиличитатьстатью?
Разделительныйвопрос (tag-question / disjunctive question).
При постановке такого вопросительного предложения в английском языке человек пытается выразить сомнение, удивление, подтверждение сказанного. Аналогом данного вопроса в русском языке является оборот не правда ли?, не так ли?. Такой вопрос состоит из двух частей: первая – это само предложение целиком, с неизмененным порядком слов, и без тех частей речи, к которым собственно задается вопрос; вторая – краткий вопрос, в котором появится вспомогательный или модальный глагол, присутствующий в сказуемом первой части. Есть два способа образования такого вопроса в английском языке:
предложение утвердительное, краткий вопрос отрицательный;
предложение отрицательное, краткий вопрос положительный.
Примеры: My mother prefers meat to fish, doesn’t she? — Моя мать предпочитает рыбе мясо, не так ли?
I am a pessimist, ain’t/aren’t I? – Я пессимист, не правда ли?
You can cook this dish, can’t you? – Ты можешь приготовить это блюдо, не так ли?
She doesn’t go to the church, does she? – Она не ходит в церковь, не так ли?
Закрепление: а) Работа по чебнику. С. 90-93, б) с 93 упр. 8.2 – 8.3
Д/З с 93 упр. 8.4, с 93 упр. 8.5

ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 11Прочитать текст.
The Olympic Games
The Olympic Games have a very long history. They began in 777 BC in Greece and took place every four years for nearly twelve centuries at Olimpia. They included many different kinds of sports: running, boxing, wrestling, etc. All the cities in Greece sent their best athletes to Olimpia to compete in the Games. For the period of the Games all the wars stopped. So the Olympic Games became the symbol of peace and friendship.
In 394 AD the Games were abolished and were not renewed until many centuries later. In 1894, a Frenchman, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, addressed all the sports governing bodies and pointed out the significance of sports and its educational value. Two years later the first modern Olympic Games took place. Of course, the competitions were held in Greece to symbolize the continuation of the centuries-old tradition.
In 1896 the International Olympic Committee was set up. It is the central policy-making body of the Olympic movement. It is formed by the representatives of all countries which take part in the Olympic Games. The International Olympic Committee decides upon the programme of the games, the number of the participants and the city-host for the Games. Over one hundred and fifty countries are represented in the International Olympic Committee now. Besides, each country has its National Olympic Committee.
Summer and Winter Games are held separately. There are always several cities wishing to host the Games. The most suitable is selected by the International Committee. After that the city of the Games starts preparations for the competitions, constructs new sports facilities, stadiums, hotels, press centres. Thousands of athletes, journalists and guests come to the Games, and it takes great efforts to arrange everything. There is always an interesting cultural programme of concerts, exhibitions, festivals, etc., for each Games.
Russia joined the Olympic movement in 1952. Since then it has won a lot of gold, silver, and bronze medals. In 1980 Moscow hosted the Twenty- Second Olympic Games. The latest Olympic Games were held in Vancouver. Russian sportsmen got medals for their records in many sports events.
Vocabulary:
ВС = Before Christ — до Рождества Христова, т. е. до н. э. wrestling — борьба to compete — соревноваться AD = Anno Domini — в год Господень, т. е. н. э. to abolish — отменять, упразднять to hold — проводитьto set up — организовывать, создавать separately — отдельно
Ответить на вопросы:
1. When and where did the Olympic Games begin?2. Why did the Olympic Games become the symbol of peace and friendship ?3. When did the Games in Greece stop?4. Who renewed the Olympic movement?5. When and where did the first modern Games take place?6. When was the International Olympic Committee set up? What is its function?7. Are Summer and Winter Games held separately?
8. Russia joined the Olympic movement9. Where were the latest Olympic Games held?
Перевести текст письменно
The Olympic Games
The world's greatest international sports games are known as the Olympic Games.
The Olympic idea means friendship, fraternity and cooperation among the people of the world. The Olympic Movement proves that real peace can be achieved through sport.
The Olympic emblem is five interlinked rings: blue, yellow, black, green and red. Any national flag contains at least one of these colours.
The original Olympic Games began in ancient Greece in 776 B.C. These games were part of a festival held every fourth year in honour of God Zeus at the place called Olympia. It was a great athletic festival, including competitions in wrestling, foot racing and chariot racing, rowing and others.
The games were for men only. Greek women were forbidden not only to participate but also to watch the Olympics.
The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896. Then they were resumed in London after the Second World War. Since then the Olympics are held every fourth year in different countries.
The ancient Greeks had no winter sports. Only in 1924 the first Winter Olympic Games were held in France. Nowtheyarebeingheldregularly.
ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 12Прочитать текст
Sport in Russia.
Sport has always been popular in our country. There are many different sporting societies and clubs in Russia. Many of them take part in different international tournaments and are known all over the world. A great number of world records have been set by Russian sportsmen: gymnasts, weightlifters, tennis players, swimmers, figure skaters, runners, high jumpers. Our sportsmen take part in the Olympic Games and always win a lot of gold, silver and bronze medals.
Millions of people watch figure skating competitions, hockey and football matches, car races, tennis tournaments and other sports events. Certainly watching sports events and going in for sports are two different things.
In the past it was never admitted that professional sport existed in our country. The official point of view was that our sport was totally amateur. Now everybody knows that sport can be a profession and a business.
But sport can be fun as well. Besides, it helps to stay in good shape, to keep fit and to be healthy.
Doing sports is becoming more and more popular. Some people do it occasionally — swimming in summer, skiing or skating in winter — but many people go in for sports on a more regular basis. They try to find time to go to a swimming pool or a gym at least once a week for aerobics or yoga classes, body building or just work-out on a treadmill. Some people jog every morning, some play tennis.
For those who can afford it there are clubs where they give lessons of scuba diving or riding. In spring and summer young people put on their roller-skates and skate in the streets and parks.
2) Найти эквиваленты
1. много спортивных обществ и клубов.
2. Международные турниры
3. Мировые рекорды
4. Золотые, серебряные и бронзовые медали
5. Соревнования
Признавать
Существовал в нашей стране
Точка зрения
Повсеместно любительский
Хорошая физическая форма
От случая к случаю
Занятия аэробикой и йогой
Беговая дорожка
Бег трусцой
Подводное плавание
Езда верхом
3) Выпишите информацию о национальных видах спорта Британии
Sports in Great Britain
The British are known to be great sports-lovers, so when they are neither playing, nor watching games, they like to talk about them. Many of the games we play now have come from Britain.
One of the most British games is cricket. It is often played in schools, colleges, universities and by club teams all over the country. Summer isn't summer without cricket. To many Englishmen cricket is both a game and a standard of behaviour. When they consider anything unfair, they sometimes say: "That isn't cricket."
But as almost everywhere else in the world, the game which attracts the greatest attention is Association football, or soccer. Every Saturday from late August till the beginning of May, large crowds of people support their favourite sides in football grounds. True fans will travel from one end of the country to the other to see their team play. There are plenty of professional and amateur soccer clubs all over Britain. International football matches and the Cup Finals take place at Wembley.
Rugby football is also very popular, but it is played mainly by amateurs.
Next to football, the chief spectator sport in British life is horse-racing. A lot of people are interested in the races and risk money on the horse which they think will win. The Derby is perhaps the most famous single sporting event in the whole world.
Britain is also famous for motor-car racing, dog-racing, boat-racing, and even races for donkeys. The famous boat-race between the teams of Oxford and Cambridge attracts large crowds of people.
A great number of people play and watch tennis. Tennis tournaments at Wimbledon are known all over the world. The innumerable tennis courts of Britain are occupied by people between the ages of 16 and 60 who show every degree of skill — from practically helpless to the extremely able.
The British also like to play golf, baseball, hockey, grass-hockey. Various forms of athletics, such as running, jumping, swimming, boxing are also popular. You can sometimes hear that there are no winter sports in England. Of course the English weather is not always cold enough to ski, skate, or toboggan, but winter is a good season for hunting and fishing. Indeed, sport in one form or another is an essential part of daily life in Britain.
Прочитайте и переведите текст
Sport in the USA
Sport is an integral part of education in American schools and universities. Students usually learn two or more ball games, like football, rugby or basketball.
Then at high school the best players in every school form teams. Every team has its own symbol and a supporting group which is called cheerleaders. Girls who are cheerleaders usually wear clothes in the same colours as the students of their team. They learn different dances, jumps, acrobatic stunts and cheers. It takes a lot of time, practice and energy to be good at cheerleading. But today the world of cheerleaders no longer means sideline squads that exist just to support other teams. They are teams enjoying full rights, teams of the same importance as those football and basketball ones which they traditionally cheer. College and high school cheerleaders compete at national championships.
The most popular spectacular sports in the United States are football, baseball, basketball and hockey. As for the top mass sports, they are swimming, cycling and callisthenics.
American football derives from the English game — rugby. It isn't similar to soccer except some details, like the number of players and the size of the field. It is a far more violent game which requires great physical power and endurance.
Baseball is one of the most popular American team games. The first American baseball match was held in 1839 in New York. Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played by two teams of nine players each. The aim is to score runs by hitting a thrown ball with a bat and touching a series of four bases arranged at the corners of a ninety-foot square. American children of 8 years old can join certain leagues where they are taught by coaches. Every player and coach must wear a particular uniform: a shirt, pants, baseball cleats (specific shoes worn by the player for better traction with the earth) and a baseball cap designed to shade the eyes from the sun. Nowadays baseball caps are widespread in our everyday life. Catchers have to wear protective helmets with face masks and a special catcher's mitt.
Basketball is a game which was invented in America in 1891. It is a team sport in which two teams of five players each try to score points by throwing or "shooting" a ball through the top of a basketball hoop while following a set of rules. Basketball is one of the world's most widely viewed games nowadays. In 1946 the Basketball Association of America (BAA) was formed. Three years later the BAA merged with the National Basketball League to form the National Basketball Association (NBA). The NBA is famous for many outstanding players, including Larry Bird, Earvin Johnson and Michael Jordan.
A healthy way of life is in fashion now everywhere around the world. There are also many other sports that attract millions of the Americans. Such sports as swimming, track-and-field, skiing, skating, rowing and sailing enjoy great popularity in the USA.
Ответьте на вопросы письменно:
1. Have you seen any films about American cheerleading? If not, I advise you to see a wonderful comedy "Bring It On" with Kirsten Dunst.2. What can you say about American cheerleaders?3. What are the most spectacular sports in the USA?4. What is special about American football?5. When was the first American baseball match held?6. Describe the way of playing baseball.7. When was basketball invented?8. Do you know any famous American basketball players?9. How many players are there in a basketball team?10. Name some other sports popular in the USA.
ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 13Повелительное наклонение
Повелительные предложения выражают приказание или просьбу, обращенную либо непосредственно к собеседнику, либо к третьему лицу.
Повелительные предложения могут быть как в утвердительной так и в отрицательной форме.
Просьба и приказание, обращённые непосредственно к собеседнику, выражаются предложением с глаголом в повелительном наклонении. Утвердительная форма глагола в повелительном наклонении  для множественного и единственного чисел совпадает с основой глагола (инфинитивом): Meet - Встреть, встретьте. Tell - Расскажи, расскажите.
Повелительное предложение начинается со сказуемого, так как подлежащее, как правило, не упоминается:
Meet Ben! Встретьте Бена! Познакомьтесь с Беном!
Tell Peter! Расскажите Петру!
Для образования отрицательной формы повелительного наклонения перед смысловым глаголом ставится вспомогательный глагол do и отрицание not.
Do not write. Не пиши. Не пишите.
Read! Читай! Читайте!
Go home. Иди (Идите) домой.
В английском языке повелительные предложения делятся на следующие типы:Предложения, выражающие приказание: Read louder (Читай громче)
Предложения, выражающие запрещение: Don't open the window. (Не открывай окно.)
Предложения с глаголом let, выражающее пожелание, чтобы действие было выполнено говорящим совместно с другим лицом (let us) или чтобы действие было выполнено третьим лицом (или лицами) (let him, let them): Let's read the letter! Let him do it himself! Let them go there.
Если глагол в повелительном наклонении выражает просьбу, а не приказ, в предложении следует употребить слово please (пожалуйста):
Open the window, please. Откройтеокно, пожалуйста
Read louder, please. Читайтегромче, пожалуйста.
Give me your book, please.Дайте мне вашу книгу, пожалуйста.
Let me help you.Позвольте мне помочь Вам.
Let him say it again.Пусть он скажет это снова.
Let the dog in. Пустьсобакавойдет.
Let us go home. Пойдемдомой.
Let Nick read it.Пусть Ник читает это.
Do not let them come here.Пусть они не приходят сюда.
Для выражения вежливой просьбы в разговорном языке употребляется также модальный глагол will в вопросительном предложении.
Will you do it for me?Не сделаете ли Вы это для меня?
Will you help me?Не поможете ли мне?
Will you reserve me a place on the plane to Prague?Не зарезервируете ли мне место на самолетдо Праги?
Для лучшего запоминания употребления повелительного наклонения в английском языке можно,например, использовать следующие ситуации для объяснения:
Как пройти (проехать) до какого-нибудь места (например: go straight, don't turn to the left, take bus N5)
Как следует проводить тот или иной эксперимент (take some water, worm it up, add some salt)
Какпослатьтелеграмму, посылку (go to the Post Office, take a form,
fillitup ...)
ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 14Модальные глаголыВ речи мы не только отражаем, что происходит вокруг, передаем действие, но и высказываем своё мнение, строим предположения, прогнозируем вероятные или маловероятные поступки. Чтобы каждый из нас мог самовыразиться, как-то повлиять на события разговаривая на английском, обязательно стоит усвоить особенности Modal Verbs.
Отличие этих частей речи в том, что они не описывают действие и не отвечают на вопрос «что делать?». Их назначение — показать отношение к глаголу-сказуемому.
Отличительные черты модальных глаголов в английском языкеНесмотря на то, что они называются глаголами, modal verbs всё же не обладают теми характеристиками, которые мы привыкли отмечать у обычных представителей этой группы. Например:
неизменяютсяполицам: I can, she may, you must. Сравним: I take, she takes, you take (исключения to be, to have).
известно, что почти все глаголы могут образовывать формы причастия, инфинитива или герундия. Модальные глаголы, не имеют неличных форм, то есть окончания -ing.
два глагола в английском предложении очень редко могут стоять рядом, в большинстве случаев они требуют после себя инфинитив с частичкой to. А вот после модальных всегда употребляетсяbare infinitive (без to). Хотя здесь есть три исключения: have to , be to, ought to .
при образовании отрицаний и вопросов Modal Verbs не требуют  вспомогательных глаголов. А некоторые из них совпадают по форме с Auxiliary Verbs.
не используются самостоятельно, служат дополнением сказуемому
К модальным глаголам относят:
can
 may/might
 must
 need
 to be to
 have to
 ought to
 shall
 will
 should
 would
Таблица модальных глаголов и их эквивалентовМодальный глагол и его эквивалент Выражает Перевод Present Past Future
canto be able to физическую
или 
умственную 
способность могу, умею, способен can am/ is/ are able to could was/
were able to shall/ will be able to
mayto be allowed (to) разрешение, 
просьба разрешите
можно mayis/ am/ are allowed to mightwas/ were allowed to -shall/ will be allowed to
must должен, необходимость выполнить
что-либо должен, обязан must - -
have to необходимость выполнения действия
из-за обстоятельств вынужден, приходится has to / have to had to shall/ will
have to
to be to необходимость выполнения
из-за заранее 
запланированного
по договоренности должен, обязан am/ is/ are to was/ were to -
shall желание получить распоряжение, 
угроза, предостережение должен - - shall (Shall he wait? — Емуждать?)
should рекомендации
по совершению действия,
совет должен, следует, рекомендуется should - -
will оттенок желания, намерения, согласия, настойчивости охотно, пожалуйста, 
будьте 
добры - - will
would оттенок намерения, просьбы, повторности действия в прошлом охотно, пожалуйста, 
будьте 
добры, бывало ought моральный долг, совет (+ not + perfect inf. — упрёк, порицание) следует, следовало бы, должно быть по-видимому ought to - -
need необходимость совершения действия нужно, надо need dare возмущение осмелюсь, сметь
что-либо делать dare dared Построение различных типов предложений1. Почти все модальные глаголы в английском не требуют вспомогательных глаголов ни при построении отрицаний, ни вопросов. Это и упрощает язык. При образовании вопросов modal verb ставится перед подлежащим, а при отрицании к нему добавляется not. В разговорной речи частенько используют сокращенные формы:
cannot (пишется слитно)=can’t, must not=mustn’t, have not=haven’t, is not=isn’t, shall not=shan’t, should not=shouldn’t, will not=won’t, need not=needn’t, ought not =oughtn’t, daren’t
She cannot stay at home. — Она не может оставаться дома.
You needn’t go to school. — Тебе не надо идти в школу.
Could you show me the way to the staition? — Вы не могли бы мне показать дорогу к вокзалу?
You must not smoke here. — Вынедолжныздеськурить.
May I sit down? — Можноясяду?
Why should I go there? — Почему я должен идти туда?  (С какой стати мне туда идти?)
2. А вот формы have to/ has to требуют вспомогательных глаголов.
I will not have to go there. — Я не должен туда идти (мне не придется).
Did you have to meet with his parents? — Тебепришлосьвстретитьсясегородителями?
He is lucky! He doesn’t have to get up at 6 o’clock. — Емувезет! Ему не приходится вставать в 6 часов.
Когда и что употреблять?Многие модальные глаголы очень близки по значению, а в русском варианте имеют абсолютно одинаковый перевод. Несмотря на это, для каждого из них в английской грамматике есть свое место. Выбирая подходящий вариант, необходимо проанализировать предложение, а вернее его смысловую сторону, оттенок.
1. Возможность совершения какого-либо действия можно передать несколькими глаголами. Can, could выражает объективную существующую возможность, как факт. May, might в утвердительных предложениях переводится «возможно, можешь, могли».
It can be queit cold there. — Там может быть холодно (иногда или часто там холодно).
She may visit her mother. — Она, возможно, навещает маму (а может и нет).
2. Просьба на английском может звучать разными способами. Так, must используется для передачи настойчивой просьбы (должен). Can, could (в вопросительных предложениях) передают вежливый оттенок: не могли бы вы. С таким же оттенком используется и will, would только в вопросительных фразах.  May и might используется в обычных вопросах и передает какую-либо просьбу.
May I buy these trousers? — Можно я куплю эти брюки?
Could you give me your dictionary? — Не могли бы вы мне дать свой словарь?
Would you open the window? — Вы бы не могли открыть окно?
You must come and see us. — Ты должен прийти и повидаться с нами.
3. Если вы в чем-то неуверенны, сомневаетесь, то лучше всего использовать can, could(неужели, не может быть, чтобы). В данном оттенке этот модальный глагол употребляется в общих вопросах. А вот ваше скептическое отношение к ситуации, недоверие можно выразить с помощью can’t, couldn’t в отрицательных предложениях : не может быть, чтобы; невероятно, чтобы; вряд ли.
Could the rubber have been one of them? — Неужеливорбылодинизних?
She looks so young. She can’t be 30. — Онатакмолодо выглядит. Не может быть, что ей 30.
4. Высказывая неодобрение или упрек, не забудьте использовать конструкцию might+ Perfect Infinitive в утвердительных предложениях (мог бы и, могли бы и). Или же, упрекая за не сделанную работу, которую кто-либо был обязан сделать по моральному долгу, можно выразить с помощью should (shouldn’t), ought to (oughtn’t to): следует, следовало бы, нужно, нужно бы.
You ought to have washed the car yesterday. — Тыдолженбылпомытьмашинувчера.
He should have bought milk. — Тебе следовало бы купить молока.
We might have visited him today. — Мы могли бы навестить его сегодня.
5. Обязательство: необходимость, неизбежность — must, из-за обстоятельств - have to, исходя из плана — to be to, с оттенком совета или пожелания — should, моральный долг - ought to.
You ought to help your parents. — Ты должен помогать родителям (моральный долг).
You should help your parents. — Тебе следует помогать родителям (совет).
You have to work more because your parents can’t. — Ты должен работать больше, потому что твои родители не могут.
You must help your parents. They did it when you was a child. — Тыдолженпомогатьродителям. Они работали, когда ты был ребенком.
6. Приказать, дать инструкции можно с помощью to be to (запланированная деятельность, договоренность) — должен, должны; should (совет) — нужно, следует; запрос инструкции или предложение своей помощи shall (только в вопросах); принуждение или строгий приказ — shall (+, — предложения)
When he comes nodody shall say a word. — Когда он придет, никто с ним не должен разговаривать. (Строгий приказ, принуждение)
Shall we leave the room? — Нам выйти из комнаты? (Запрос инструкции)
You should be more polite with your sister. — Тебе нужно быть более вежливым с сестрой.(совет)
I am to call him in the morning. — Я должен позвонить емy утром (Запланировано).
ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 15Прочитать текст. Составить рассказ о том, как вы проводите свободное времяThe problems of spare time.No doubt that the problem of spare time is one of the most important problems. Speaking about grownups we should say that they have to work much to survive in such difficult economic situation. Teenagers have to study much if they want to get good knowledge and later to enter a prestige educational institution. But when people have some spare time they prefer to spend it on their hobbies. Hobbies differ like tastes. If you have chosen а hobby according to your character and taste you are lucky because your life becomes mоre interesting. Hobbies are divided into four large classes: doing things, making things, collecting things, and learning things. The most popular of all hobby groups is doing things. It includes а wide variety of activities, everything from gardening to traveling and from chess to volleyball. Both grown-ups and children are fond of playing different computer games. This is а relatively new hobby but it is becoming more and more popular. Making things includes drawing, painting, making sculpture, designing costumes, handicrafts. Two of the most famous hobby painters were President Eisenhower and Sir Winston Churchill. Some hobbyists write music or play musical instruments. President Bill Clinton, for example, plays the saxophone. Almost everyone collects something at some period in his life: stamps, coins, match-boxes, books, records, postcards, toys, and watches. Some collections have nо real value. Others become so large and so valuable that they are housed in museums and galleries. Many world-famous collections started in а small way. People with а good deal of money often collect paintings, rare books and other art objects. Often such private collections are given to museums, libraries and public galleries. No matter what kind of hobby а person has, he always has the opportunity of learning from it. By reading about the things he is interested in. Learning things can be the most exciting aspect of а hobby. As for me, I study in the 11 form and what's why I don't have much time to hobbies. But when I have it, I usually read the books or I work on the computer. I am fond of computers and reading books.
приложение 16
Прочитать и перевести текст
My day off
While at school I always envied those students who went to school five but not six days a week, as we did. So you may guess, I was not lucky, I had the only day off - Sunday. On Sunday, I didn't have to hurry anywhere, that's why, I got up at nine or ten o'clock. I wasn't an early riser. I did my bed, washed myself and went to the kitchen. In the kitchen the table had already been laid and I always had something tasty on Sunday: fried potatoes, meat salad or my favourite apple pies.
After breakfast, if the weather was sunny, I usually didn't stay indoors, I went to see my friends. We often played volleyball or basket-ball in the yard. Also we like roller-blading very much. I think it is a lot of fun. In winter there was much snow out-of-doors. We when skating and skiing to the woods. 
Sometimes I did something special on weekends: went to an art exhibition, to the theatre, to the concert. But sometimes the day happened to be rainy and gloomy. Then I preferred to watch TV, listen to music, read books, speak over the phone or just lie on the sofa idling away the time. Some of my classmates could watch all TV-programmers from morning till night, but I think it's rather boring, and I always felt sorry for those TV-addicts. It's much more interesting to play a game of chess with your grandfather, or help your mother about the house, or argue with your father about the latest events at home and abroad.
In the evening, when all the family was together, we had some tea with a cake or biscuits, we listened to my younger sister playing the piano, sometimes we sang folk songs. I liked weekends very much, because I could rest and gain some energy for the next week.
Every Sunday, when I went to bed, I thought that the day had flashed past and the next week would bring new problems and their solution.
Найдите эквиваленты в тексте
всегда завидовала
пятьдней в неделю
можете догадаться
вот почему
«ранняя пташка»
заправляла постель
умывалась
стол был уже накрыт
что-нибудь вкусненькое
жареный картофель
мясной салат
пироги с яблоками погода была солнечной
обычно
во дворе
катание на роликах
забава
на улице  много снега
ходить в лес
кататься на коньках и на лыжах
что-то особенное
выходные
художественная выставка
дни были дождливые и мрачные
предпочитала
просто
тратить попусту время
это очень утомительно
фанаты ТВ
намного интереснее
поспорить по поводу
события в стране и за границей вся семья в сборе
пели народные песни
день промчался
новые проблемы и их решение
приложение 17Прочитатьтекст. Составить рассказ о своих летних каникулах, используя текст в качестве образца
My SummerHolidays
After my hard and busy school year my summer holidays began. I felt happy. I started to plan a lot of wonderful things to do during my summer vocation.
I was dreaming about visiting far south countries I always wanted to visit. For example, I dreamed to visit, Greece islands or Spanish beaches. But I had to go to the Azov Sea seaside with my parents. The water was very warm there, because the Sea of Azov isn't deep. There were different kinds of entertainments there. Best of all I liked water scooters and discos.
There was nothing to do all day except taking sunbathes and swimming. I was playing with my little sister on the sand and taught her to swim.
Later, I returnedhome and spent some time there going out with my friends, reading, listening to the music, watching TV and playing computer games. After that I went to the sport camp where I spent twenty days with my friends.
It was very useful experience for us, because we had to get up very early, to train a lot. But it made us stronger and healthier.
I was very happy to return home and to spend several days in my summer cottage, where I had a rest helping my grandfather to dig the garden, to irrigate plants and to gather fruit and vegetables. I was fishing with my grandfather sometimes and we cooked our fish together.
Only insects were spoiling my good humour. I was enjoying floating in the boat, swimming and helping my grandparents.
During my summer holidays I made new friends, read a lot of interesting books, knew many useful things. Now, I feel ready to continue my education at our technical school of building, transport and housing communal husbandry. I am happy to meet new friends and teachers.
Перевестивыделенныесловаивыражения.
my Summer travel abroad
Different people prefer to spend their summer holidays differently. Somebody likes to go to the South to swim and laze at the sun the whole summer long. The others would better visit their grandparents living in the country and they would play football and go fishing with friends. But I am fond of travelling. I believe that such hobby is one of the most useful for a pupil. While travelling I study foreign languages, find out many interesting information about customs of different peoples and meet new friends.
I visited Germany and England last summer. These countries aren’t alike at all but I enjoyed staying here very much. I don’t speak German so I had to communicate there using the English language. It wasn’t too difficult. My friends in Berlin shown me Camera Work where I spent five hours and the Potsdam-Museum which I didn’t like so much. The most ridiculous thing was that I understood Germans without any troubles but had some difficulties with my acquaintances in the UK.
London impressed me very much. It is a very beautiful and ancient city. Of course I went sightseeing at the moment I arrived. I visited the famous Tower of London, the Houses of Parliament, Westminster abbey, Trafalgar Square, Big Ben and Buckingham Palace. I tried the national English meal – fish and chips – and made many pictures of the city. Unfortunately, I hadn’t seen the Queen of Great Britain. Anyway, it didn’t spoil my vacations.
I can’t decide what country I liked more but I am sure that the most pleasant point of my trip was when I returned home. East or West – home is best. I know it for sure now. I have brought many presents for my friends and relatives.
I would like to travel abroad next summer again.
Перевести текст письменно.
our holidays
After each term in school we had our holidays. It's fun to have holidays, you can do whatever you like,
you don't have to get up too early, do your homework or think of troubles which occur very often at school. Most of all I liked summer holidays, they were the longest ones, though, when winter was snowy and frosty, I enjoyed my winter holidays skating and skiing, sledging and making a snowman or having a fight with snowballs.
I'd like to tell you about my summer holidays I spent in Sochi. It was just three years ago. My parents and me were sitting in the living-room discussing our plans for the summer holidays. My father suggested that we should go to Sochi. On hearing that I jumped up with joy and said it was a wonderful idea. My mother wasn't against the idea either.
So one summer morning we started for our journey to Sochi. First, we travelled to Odessa by plane and from there we got to Sochi by boat. We stayed in Odessa for three days, our relatives live there and they gave us board and lodging. So we had an excellent opportunity to go round the city, to see beautiful monuments to the famous people who had lived in Odessa, museums and the Odessa Opera House. We enjoyed our trip from Odessa to Sochi. The Black Sea was calm. We sat on deck in the lounge chairs and looked at the sea. I like Sochi very much. We bathed and went boating and swimming, lay in the sun on the beach. In the evenings we went for a walk or dropped in at a cafe to have ice-cream or juice. My father showed us the famous Botanical Gardens, we went for hikes in the mountains, we saw the magnificent Augura Waterfalls.
4) Прочитать текст и составить рассказ о том, как вы проводите зимние каникулы
Winter holidaysI
Winter holidays are shorter than summer ones. They begin at the end of December and last about two weeks. It is so nice to have a rest from school.
During winter holidays we celebrate the New Year’s Eve and Christmas. There are New Year parties for children at schools and theatres. Cinemas show children films and cartoons.
It is usually very cold in winter, but frost and snow can’t keep children indoors. It’s so great to go skiing down a hill. Boys like to play hockey on the ice. Many children go to the skating-rinks to skate. Small children play snowballs and make snowmen, or ride on the sledges happily.
When the weather is bad, I stay at home and watch TV. There is always something interesting on during winter holidays. Sometimes my friends come to see me and we play computer games or listen to music. There is also more time for reading, drawing, making model planes and other hobbies.
Holidays pass quickly and soon it’s time to go to school again.
II
I can say that winter is my favourite season of the year. First of all, I really enjoy the crisp snow outside. Together with my friends we always make a snowman, throw snowballs at each other and go sledging from the backyard hill. Secondly, I’m quite good at such winter sports as skiing and skating. At weekends, I go to the nearest ice-rink with my friends and we can spend several hours skating there. As for skiing, I usually do it with my father. He is also fond of skiing in the woods, which are not far from our house. So you can imagine how much I like winter holidays. It’s a shame that they aren’t as long as the summer ones. They last only for a couple of weeks. Another important reason why I love winter holidays is the celebration of Christmas and New Year. These holidays are my favourite. Even my birthday doesn’t matter as much for me as Christmas Eve. I love the moment when all the stores and cafes outside start hanging festive decorations on doors and windows. It elevates my mood and makes me really happy. Besides you can hear Christmas songs from every corner. It also sets the atmosphere of holidays. Of course, I also like the New Year presents that my parents and friends prepare for me. But most of all I like the moment on the 31st of December when the clocks strike 12 am and all the family gathers together around the dining table. We then share delicious meal and drinks. My favourite ones are stuffed turkey and sweet pudding. Right after the New Year celebration our school holidays start and it’s the time when I can relax and enjoy ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 18Прочитать, перевести текстTravellingThe scientific and technological progress of the 20-th century has allowed people to overcome time and distance, to cover in the twinkle of an eye vast expanse of our planet. The whole world is open now. The limits and frontiers of the previous period have stopped to exist.
We can choose any place on the planet and go there on business or for holiday. We can go to the place of our destination by sea, and by air. We can travel by train.
If you want to get somewhere as quickly as possible the best way is to travel by air. It is better to book tickets in advance. On the appointed day you go to the airport by car. Soon you'll board the big, air-liner and it will carry you to new lands. When on the plane you may look about. In front of you in the cockpit you'll see a pilot and his crew. Some of the passengers are reclining in comfortable armchairs. There is a kitchenette in the rear part of the plane where the stewardesses are cooking. Presently we take off and in a few minutes the voice informs us about the altitude we are flying. Sometimes it is possible to see the land. It is like a geographical map. Our plane is due to arrive in eight hours. Time passes quickly. The plane arrives at the airport in time.
There are other ways of travelling. If you are an adventurer you can travel by hitch-hiking, bicycles, or on horseback. Coach tours are not expensive and I like them very much. They are planned as holidays and there is a chance to do a lot of sightseeing and have a good rest at the same time. Last year I went by coach through a few countries and enjoyed the tour very much.
During the ten-day holiday we visited the Hungary, Austria and Italy. Sightseeing was combined with rest. For a few days we stayed at sortie lovely small hotels. There was no trouble with the luggage because it was taken care of at every night stop. Moreover hotels were carefully selected and booked in advance
Дайте русские эквиваленты выделенным словам
ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 19Прочитать, пересказать текстHobbiesHobbies differ like tastes. If you have chosen a hobby according to your character and taste you are lucky because your life becomes more interesting.
Hobbies are divided into four large classes: doing things, making things, collecting things, and learning things. The most popular of all hobby groups is doing things. It includes a wide variety of activities, everything from gardening to travelling and from chess to volleyball.
Gardening is one of the oldest of man's hobbies. It's a well-known fact that the English are very fond of gardening and growing flowers, especially roses.
Both grown-ups and children are fond of playing different computer games. This is a relatively new hobby but it's becoming more and more popular. Making things includes drawing, painting, making sculpture, designing costumes, handicrafts. Two of the most famous hobby painters were President Eisenhower and Sir Winston Churchill.
Some hobbyists write music or play musical instruments. Almost everyone collects something at some period in his life: stamps, coins, matchboxes, books, records, postcards, toys, watches. Some collections have no real value. Others become so large and so valuable that they are housed in museums and galleries. Many world-famous collections started in a small way with one or two items. People with a good deal of money often collect paintings, rare books and other art objects. Often such private collections are given to museums, libraries and public galleries so that others might take pleasure in seeing them.
No matter what kind of hobby a person has, he always has the opportunity of learning from it. By reading about the things he is interested in, he is adding to what he knows. Learning things can be the most exciting aspect of a hobby.
Прочитатьиперевеститекст
Hobby
Hobby is what a person likes to do in his spare time. Hobbies differ like tastes. If you have chosen a hobby according to your character and taste you are lucky because your life becomes more interesting. The most popular hobby is doing things. It includes a wide variety of activities from gardening to traveling, from chess to volleyball.
Both grown-ups and children are fond of playing different computer games. This hobby is becoming more and more popular. Making things include drawing, painting, handicrafts. Many people collect something - coins, stamps, compact discs, toys, books. Some collections have some value. Rich people often collect paintings, rare things and other art objects. Often such private collections are given to museums, libraries.
As for me, I like to listen to music. 3 months ago my parents bought me a compact disc player and I decided to collect compact discs. I like different music, it should be good. I collect discs of my favourite groups and singers. I carefully study the information printed on discbooklets. I try to find everything about my favourite singers. Also I like to watch music programmes on TV. I want to keep up with the news in the world of music.
Of course, I like to spend my spare time with my friends. We talk about all sorts of things ( politics, teachers, girls). We discuss films, books, TV programmes. In fine weather we like to be in the open air. We find a nice place somewhere in the forest. We make a fire, bake potatoes and have a lot of fun. When the weather is bad, my friends come to my place. We have a good time together.
My name is Natalia. My surname is Govorova. I am 15. I was born in 1982 in Chelyabinsk. I live in a small town of Usinsk in the Komi Republic. My address is Flat 116, 19, Pionerskaya Street. My phone number is 232-16-81. I am a pupil.
I am a good pupil. I do well in all subjects. They say, that I am a hardworking person. To tell the truth, all school subjects come easy for me but sometimes I have to sit much, for example, to do lessons in Physics or Chemistry, to write a composition or to learn a poem by heart. But my favourite subject is English. I spend much time on it reading books, doing tests etc. May be, English and learning it will be a part of my future carreer. I like reading. I think comics and detective stories are much easier to read but I prefer to read novels - historical or up-to-date. I like music. My musical tastes are different, but it depends on my mood. But I think every apple is good in its season. I play the piano and the guitar, not seriously, but for my soul. Sometimes I like to listen to the Russian classical music. My favourite composers are Chaikovsky and Mozart. I don’t like rock music, but I like "Queen" and "Beatles". Also I like Russian folk songs. I have not much time to watch IV but sometimes I spend an hour or two watching an interesting film or a news programme. In the evening I often read newspapers (our local ones) or magazines. I like fresh air and exercise. I’m sorry I have not much time for doing sports. But some aerobics in the morning, a swimming-pool twice a week, a ski-walk on a frosty day are of great help. Sports is fun.
I have a wide circle of interests. I’m very sociable, so I get a way with people. I have many friends, most of them are my class-mates. We spend much time together, going out to the cinema or to the disco party, speaking about lessons and music, discussing our problems. But most of all I like my family. We all are great friends and deeply attached to each other.
You see, it’s me - a person with his good and not good characteristics, liking this and hating that. But it’s interesting for me to live, to open new things
ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 20Прочитать и перевести текст. Рассказать о своём любимом времени годаMy Favourite SeasonThere are four seasons in a year: spring, summer, autumn and winter. Every season is beautiful in its own way.
When spring comes nature awakens from its long winter sleep. The days become longer and the nights become shorter. The ground is covered with emeraldgreen grass and spring flowers. The air is fresh, the sky is blue and cloudless, and the sun shines brightly. The trees are in full blossom. The nightingale begins to sing its lovely songs, and sweet melodies may be heard from every wood and park. The days are warm and everything is full of life and joy.
Spring is followed by summer. The weather is usually fine in summer, but it can be very hot, especially in July. Sometimes there are storms with thunder and lightning. In summer people try to get away from the city noise and spend more time in the open air. They pick mushrooms and berries in the forest, swim in the rivers and lakes, go fishing and boating. Most people prefer to have their holidays in summer.
Autumn begins in September. The days become shorter and the nights become longer. The leaves turn yellow, red and brown and fall to the ground. Most birds fly away to warm countries. There's a short spell of dry sunny weather in September which is called Indian Summer. It's a beautiful time when the sky is cloudless, the trees around are golden, the air is transparent and it's still warm. But gradually it gets colder and colder. It often rains in October and November which makes autumn an unpleasant season.
In winter the sun sets early and rises late. The rivers and lakes are frozen over. Everything is covered with snow. Sometimes it's very cold, about 25-30 degrees below zero. Going out in such weather isn't very pleasant. Winter is a good time for sports. People go in for skating and skiing. Tobogganing is also popular, not as a kind of sports, but rather as fun.
As for me, I like all seasons, but I think there's nothing like late spring.
here is an expression: "There is no bad weather. Every weather is graceful. Rain or snow - all the year round. We must accept gratefully ..."
Перевести текст письменно
Each season has its own peculiarities.
In the spring the first shoots appear from the ground, as if taking the first steps. All nature returns to life. Brooks purl, drip of thawing snow, animals in the forest enjoy the sunshine, the first snowdrops peep through the snow. But not only the nature puts on bright colours, people also take off their warm coats. One feels like going along the street and smiling.
Summer takes us into a fantastic world. In summer the sun is bright, the sky is blue and bottomless.
In autumn, we can observe various beautiful landscapes. With the beginning of the early fall the crowns of trees become yellow. Indian summer comes. Trees are thoughtful, just remember the last days of summer, watching high mountains into the distance, as if trying to see the future.
Winter is peculiar in its own way. The trees stand in the snow, like apple trees in bloom. Pure white. The snow glitters in the sun, sparkling and glistening. Frost draws the patterns on the glass.
There were a lot of good things during the year.
Autumn leaves rustled sadly. Then winter bestowed its glitter. With icons and willows we greeted spring. We were warmed by the rest of the summer, giving us warmth and kindness.
Each season is beautiful and unique. Some one likes hot, another likes cold. Nature unites all and everyone can enjoy his weather once a year.
ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 21Прочитать, перевести выделенные словаEnvironmental Protection -1The poisoning of the world's land, air, and water is the fastest-spreadingdisease of civilization. Overpopulation, pollution and energy consumption have created such planet wide problems as massive deforestation, ozone depletion, acid rains and the global warming that is believed to be caused by the greenhouse effect. The seas are in danger. They are filled with poison: industrial and nuclear waste, chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The Mediterranean is already nearly dead; the North Sea is following. The Aral Sea is on the brink of extinction. If nothing is done about it, one day nothing will be able to live in the seas. Every ten minutes one kind of animal, plant or insect dies out for ever. If nothing is done about it, one million species that are alive today will have become extinct twenty years from now. Air pollution is а very serious problem. In Cairo just breathing the air is life threatening - equivalent to smoking two packs of cigarettes а day. The same holds true for Mexico City and 600 cities of the former Soviet Union. Industrial enterprisesemit tons of harmful substances. These emissions have disastrousconsequences for our planet. They are the main reason for the greenhouse effect and acid rains. An even greater environmental threat arenuclear power stations. We all know how tragic the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster are. People realize that environmental problems are not somebody else's. They join and support various international organizations and green parties. If governments wake up to what is happening - perhaps we'll be able to avoid the disaster that threatens the natural world and all of us with it.
Прочитать, перевести текстEnvironmental Protection-2Since ancient times Nature has served Man, being the source of his life. For thousands of years people lived in harmony with environment. But with the development of civilization man's interference with nature began to increase. Large cities with thousands of smoky industrial enterprises appear all over the world today. They pollute the air we breathe, the water we drink, the land we live in. Many cities suffer from smog. Vast forests are cut and burnt in fire. As a result some rare species of animals, birds, fish and plants disappear forever. Environmental protection is a universal concern. That is why serious measures to create a sistem of ecological security should be taken. Some progress has been already made in this direction. As many as 159 countries-members of UNO- have set up environmental protection agencies. The accident at Chernobyl nuclear power station in April 1986 caused radioactive pollution of a vast area. The international organization Greenpease is also doing much to preserve the environment. The Earth is our home. We must take care of it for next generations and ourselves.
Перевести текст письменноProtection of the environment –3Planet Earth is 4600 million years old. It is difficult for us to think about such an enormous length of time, but if we simplify it into an understandable idea, we can compare the planet Earth to a person of forty-six years of age. Nothing is known about the first seven years of this person's life; and very little information exists about the middle period; we know that it was only at the age of forty-two that Earth began to flower. Dinosaurs and great reptiles did not appear until one year ago, when the planet was forty five. In the middle of last week men-like apes became ape-like men. Modern Man has been around for four hours. The Industrial Revolution began just a minute ago. During those sixty seconds of biological time, Modern Man has made a rubbish tip of Earth. He has increased his numbers to terrible proportions, has caused the death of hundreds of species of animals, has robbed and destroyed the planet in his search for fuels; now he stands, like a violent, spoilt child, delighted at the speed of his rise to power, on the edge of the final mass destruction and of killing all the life which exists in the solar system. The Earth is our home but much of it is dirty and dying. Rapid industrial development caused a lot of ecological problems. They are: air pollution, water pollution, growth of population and shortage of mineral resources. Air becomes polluted in many ways. Cars, trucks, buses, airplanes, factories and plants send burnt gases into the air. The production of electricity causes not only air pollution but acid rains and global warming. Because of acid rains the Earth looses twenty million acres of tropical rainforests every year. This means the extinction of thousands of species that live there, for example tigers. Only 67 thousand tigers remain. Tigers are hunted and killed for their body parts, which are used in oriental medicines. The ozone layer is destroyed too and the dangerous rays get through the atmosphere causing skin cancer and other diseases. Seventy percent of the Earth is covered by oceans. Oceans are vital for the life on Earth. They provide homes for millions of plants and animals, provide people with food and help regulate the climate. But now they are a big dumping ground for tons of toxic waste. Most big cities pour their waste into seas and rivers. For a long time people did not realize the danger. The first alarm came from Japan: sixty people died because they have eaten polluted fish. The Baltic sea is a special case. Because it is such a small sea, it becomes dirty very easily. 250 rivers run into the Baltic. There are hundreds of factories on these rivers and millions of people live along them. Seven industrial countries surround the Baltic. Once we have polluted the sea, it is very difficult to clean it. Fortunately all the countries realized the problems and co-operated to solve ecological problems. I would like to dwell on practical measures which must be taken in order to improve the ecological situation: the factories and plants must be removed from cities; green zones must be created; pollution control systems must be introduced; purifying systems for cleaning and trapping harmful substances must be widely used; almost everything is recyclable today – recycling is a great way to reduce waste. We need clean air to breathe and pure water to drink. We need also food that is safe to eat and housing to shelter us. We can't get all these things by ourselves. We live in community so we can solve our problems only working together. Russia is co-operating in the field of environmental protection with the USA, Canada, Norway, Finland and other countries. A lot of public organizations have been established. One of them is Green Peace which was formed in 1971 with its Head-quarters in Amsterdam. The area of operation is 25 countries world-wide. Its objectives are to protect wild life and atmosphere, to prevent disposal of toxic waste and nuclear tests.
ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 22Прочитать и перевести текст
animal species
several animal species such as the bear, wolf, and beaver were exterminated in historic times, but others such as the fallow deer, rabbit, have been introduced.
More recently birds of prey have suffered at the hands of farmers protecting their stock and their game birds.
Under protective measures, including a law restricting the collecting of birds eggs, some of the less birds have been re-establishing themselves.
The country lies along the line of bird migrations, they have found town gardens, where they are often fed, a favourable environment. In London about 100 different species are recorded annually.
London also is a favourable habitat for foxes, which in small numbers have colonized woods and heaths within a few miles of the city centre.
There are few kinds of reptiles and amphibians — about half a dozen species of each — but they are nearly all plentiful where conditions suit them.
Freshwater fish are numerous; the char and allied species of the lakes of Cumbria probably represent an old group related to the trout that migrated to the sea before the tectonic changes that formed these lakes cut off their outlet. The marine fishes are abundant in species and in absolute numbers.
A variety of coastal life creates the favorable environment for different kinds of invertebrate organisms.
2) Переписать и выучить слова
беспозвоночные - invertebrateorganisms
животные - animals
человеческий вид - human species
птица - bird,
рыбы - fish
насекомые - insects
домашние животные - domestic animals
домашний любимец - pet
кошка - cat
собака - dog
хомяк - hamster
морская свинка - guinea pig
аквариумная рыбка - aquarium fish
попугай - parrot
свинья - pig
корова - cow
бык - bull
овец - sheep
кролик - rabbit
лошадь - horse
коза - goat
курица - hen
гусь - goose — geese
индюки - turkey
утка - duck
поросенок – piglet
животные дикие – wildanimals
лев - lion
тигр - tiger
леопард - leopard
слон - elephant 
носорог - rhinocero
гиппопотам - hippopotamu
буйвол - buffalo
зебра - zebra
верблюд - camel
жираф - giraffe
коала - koalabear
обезьяна - monkey
кенгуру - kangaroo
змея - snakes
крокодил -crocodiles/alligator
черепаха - tortoises/turtles
лиса - fox
волк - wolf),
медведь - bear
олень - deer
лось - elk
Детёныши:
щенок – puppy
теленок – calf
цыпленок – chick / chicken
ягненок – lamb
утенок – duckling
козленок – kid
индюшонок – turkey chic
котенок – kitten
гусенок – gosling
Лапыихвостылапы - pawsхвосты - tails
усами - whiskers
гривой - mane
бивней - tusks
хобота - trunk
носорога - horn
ветвистыерога - antlers
сумкой - pouch
горб - hump
когти - claws
копыта - hooves
(шкура) пятнистая - spotted
полосатая - stripes
животные на грани исчезновения - endangered species
животные под охраной - protected species
ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 23Прочитать текст. Перевести выделенные слова и выражения
Natural Disasters -1
Many years ago people lived in greater harmony with nature and environment than they do now. Ecological ignorance of people leads to the destruction of nature and worsens the living conditions for all living beings.
A great number of ecological catastrophes took place in the 20th and 21st centuries and most of them are the results of men’s activity. There is no need to enumerate everything that happened in order to understand the horribleconsequences of these numerous disasters. It would be quite enough to have a look at some of them.
One of the largest catastrophes occurred on the 26th of April, 1986. It was the explosion of one of the energy blocks at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plantin Ukraine. It is considered to be the worst nuclear plant disaster in history. Due to this explosion there was a highly radioactive fallout into the atmosphere which covered thousands of square kilometers of land.  The most contaminated zones included Ukraine, Russia and Belarus and affected directly about 2 600 000 inhabitants. Some of them died in the first ten years, some were evacuated out of the place. After the accident in Chernobyl, soil and forest areas were polluted with radioactive elements. Besides that, the health of the population was seriously damaged which resulted in increase of infantile mortality, cancer or thyroid and in increase of the amount of children born with leukemia, malformations, tumors and other affections.
Another ecological disaster which is recognized as one of the greater causes of oceanic contamination is the petroleum spills. These spills lead to the death of aquatic birds, fish and other creatures of the oceans. As a result, the ecological balance is broken and then, fishing, navigation or usages of recreational zones become impossible. It’s very important to stop destroying the planet people live on and to restore what has already been destroyed.
Natural Disasters – 2
Natural disasters such as flood, fire, tornado, earthquake, tsunamis are becoming more and more frequent on our planet. In short description a natural disaster is a result of a natural hazard, which has a negative effect on human beings. These geologic processes can lead to serious consequences such as loss of life, property damage, economic problems. Certain areas are more exposed to natural disasters. For example, most of New Zealand’s coastline is exposed to tsunami hazard, while the Far East region is exposed to floods. Being aware of possible dangers, people should be prepared to protect themselves, their families and communities. Two important preparation steps are the developing of emergency plan and assembling a supply kit. However, all the known disasters have unique nature and should be approached separately.
Natural Disasters – 3
Some of the common natural hazards are as follows: earthquake, flood, drought, heat wave, hurricane, volcanic eruption, hailstorm, tornado, tsunami, landslide, wildfire, blizzard. I’d like to tell you a bit more about floods, hurricane and earthquakes. A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land. In severe cases it can result in human and animal deaths. Very often the crops are destroyed, which brings famine. A hurricane is a severe tropical cyclone or storm that often occurs in certain parts of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. This destructive hazard can lead to changes in weather and economy. It can also result in heavy rains, thunderstorm, flood or even tornado. An earthquake is the result of a sudden collision among the tectonic plates of the Earth. Such collision leads to massive and occasionally deathly vibrations. However, learning about these specific threats and the measures, which should be taken, can save many lives
методическая разработка урока
«NaturalDisasters. Earthquake»
Целиизадачиурока:
совершенствовать коммуникативную компетенцию студентов;
прислушиваться к мнению партнера;
развивать навыки поискового чтения;
формировать умения говорения на основе прочитанного текста;
разобрать фразы и выражения по теме «Природные катастрофы. Землетрясения», научить использовать их в рамках заданной ситуации;
сформулировать и запомнить правила поведения в экстремальной ситуации
Задачи развития:
1.     Развитие умения выделять главное, обобщать материал о природных катастрофах и правилах поведения в чрезвычайных ситуациях.
2.     Развитие умения работать в команде
Задачи воспитания:
1.     Воспитание коммуникативной культуры
 Тип урока: урок изучения нового материала.
Оборудование:  компьютер, мультимедийный проектор, презентация  Power Point.
Ход урока:
Этапы урока Деятельность преподавателя Деятельность учащихся
Мотивация учебно-познавательной активности и целеполагание Предлагает 1 слайд презентации  к уроку.
Просит определить тему и цель занятия.
Подводит итог ответам студентов. Смотрят на слайд
 
Определяют тему и цель занятия
Организация деятельности по теме “Природные катастрофы. Землетрясения” 1. Знакомит студентов с планом занятия (2 слайд).
2. Просит дать определение природным катастрофам, прочитать названия природных катаклизмов, проконсультировавшись со словарем, сопоставить природные катастрофы с их определениями, выслушивает ответы студентов  и подводит итог (3 слайд презентации).
3. Задает вопросы о причинах появления природных катастроф и проблемах, которые они вызывают. Подводит итог сказанному (4 слайд презентации)
4. Предлагает посмотреть 5 слайд презентации и выполнить упражнение по теме.
5. Просит определить какие природные катастрофы характерны для нашего региона (6 слайд презентации).
6. Просит посмотреть на фотографии и попытаться сформулировать правила поведения при землетрясении, выслушивает ответы студентов, просит прочитать текст о землетрясениях и проверить верно ли были сформулированы правила поведения при землетрясениях. Организует чтение текста, обсуждение прочитанного, объясняет задание в упражнениях, выслушивает ответы студентов (10, 11, 12 слайды). 1. Знакомятся с планом урока
2. Пытаются дать определение понятию “Природные катастрофы”
 
 
 
 
 
3. Отвечают на вопросы учителя
 
 
 
4. Выполняют задание, подставляя правильные слова в соответствующей грамматической форме.
5. Выделяют те виды стихийных бедствий, которые характерны для нашего региона.
 
6. Формулируют правила поведения в экстремальных ситуациях. Читают текст и проверяют насколько верны были их предположения.
Закрепление знаний Просит назвать правила поведения в экстремальных ситуациях Называют правила поведения в экстремальных ситуациях.
Домашнее задание Объясняет содержание домашнего задания Записывают домашнее задание.
Итоги урока. Рефлексия. Подводит итоги урока, оценивает деятельность учащихся. (13 слайд) Оценивают отношение к организации и содержанию урока.
 Ход урока:
I. Greeting
Good morning! I am glad to see you. Take your seats. Let’s start our work.
II. Specifying the theme and the aims of the lesson
Look at the slide, please, and try to guess what we are going to speak about today. What can you see on these photos. (Pupils give their answers.)
Today we are going to speak about natural disasters that can happen all over the world. Such disasters happen more often nowadays. And we need to know the ways how to protect ourselves no matter where we are at home, in the street, at school or travelling somewhere. So we’ll speak about disasters and here is the plan of our lesson.
Plan:
1. What is a natural disaster?
2. Types of natural disaster.
3. Why do we suffer from them?
4. Natural disasters happening in our region.
5. Earthquake – a widely- spread natural disaster nowadays.
6. Ways to protect yourself from the earthquakes.
III. Work on the topic of lesson
1.In order to speak about natural disaster we should first give a definition of the word combination “natural disaster”. A teacher asks the question: What is a natural disaster?
Suggested answer:
A natural disaster is some terrific weather conditions such as storm, shower, heavy rain which bring a lot of damage to buildings, animals and people, of course.
A teacher concludes: “A natural disaster is bad consequences of natural phenomenon.”
2.Read the list of natural disasters and match them with the definitions using the dictionaries.
The keys
drought  -  a period of time with no rain
flood -large amount of water that covers an area which is usually dry
tornado -a violent wind storm which consists of a tall column of air spinning around very fast
tsunami -a huge wave caused by an earthquake which flows onto land
earthquake-a shaking of the ground
cyclone -a violent tropical storm in which the air goes round and round
avalanche -a large mass of snow falling down the side of a mountain
hurricane -an extremely violent wind or storm
 3.  What causes each?
Suggested answers:
The changes in climate, the meeting of cold and warm air in the atmosphere, the movement of tectonic plates and so on.
4.Use the verbs in their correct form to fill in the gaps. fear, cover, leave, drown, snow, crack, collapse, lose
1. Thousands of people were … homeless.
2. Hundreds of sheep … in the flood and many other animals … their habitats.
3. Many roads … and a five-storey apartment building … like a house of cards.
4. Many people were … in and the roads were … with ice.
 Which natural disaster is each sentence talking about?
Keys
Left, drowned, lost, cracked, collapsed, feared, snowed, covered
Tsunami , flood, earthquake, avalanche.
5.Which disasters can you see in the pictures? Which of these disasters are common in your country? Which is the most serious to you? Why?
6.Try to think about the rules – how to protect yourself during the earthquake. They happens so often nowadays and on the territories where it never happened before. So we all should know how to protect ourselves.
Look at these pictures and discuss what you should and should not do during an
 Suggested answers:
Hide under the table, stand in the doorway, run outside as soon as you can.
7.Read the text and check if you were right to guess what to do during the earthquake.
How does an earthquake start?
What makes an earthquake happen? The rock of the earth's crust may have a 'fault', a kind of break in the surface. The blocks which make up the earth move, and sometimes this may cause the sides of the fault to move up 5 and down or lengthways against each other. When one piece of rock starts to rub on another with great force, a lot of energy is used. This energy is changed into vibrations and it is these vibrations that we feel as an earthquake. The vibrations can travel thousands of kilometres and so an earthquake in Turkey may be felt in Greece.
What to do during an earthquake
At college
As soon as the earthquake starts, students should get under the desks immediately and wait until the teacher tells them it is safe to come out. The teacher should at the same time go immediately to the teacher's desk, get underneath it and stay there till the danger is over. Students must not argue with the teacher or question instructions. As soon as the tremors stop, all students should walk towards the exit and go straight to the school playground or any open space such as a square or a park. They must wait there until the teacher tells them it is safe to go. Whatever you do, don't panic: most accidents occur not as a result of the earthquake itself but from people panicking.
At home
If you are at home when the earthquake occurs, get immediately under the table in the living room or kitchen. Choose the biggest and strongest table you can find. You must not go anywhere near the window and don't go out onto the balcony. Once the tremors have stopped, you can come out from under the table but you must leave the building straight away. You should walk down the stairs and should not use the lift - there may be power cut as a result of the earthquake and you could find yourself trapped inside the lift for hours.
 In the street
If you are in the street when the earthquake takes place, do not stand near buildings, fences or walls — move away as quickly as possible and try to find a large open space wait in. Standing under trees could also be dangerous.
IV. The results of the lesson
Now we know how to protect ourselves. Your home task will be to work in pairs. Imagine that you are a survivor of the tsunami disaster. Act out an interview with a journalist about your experience. How did you feel? What did you do to survive? Ex.9 p.75 The lesson is over. Good bye!
ПРИЛОЖЕНРИЕ 24Прочитать и пересказать текст
Stary Oskol
Welcome to our beautiful and hospitable land! Stary Oskol is located in the South part of the Russian Federation and in the northern areas of the Belgorod region. Its area is 1223 square kilometers.
There are 221,085 inhabitants here and the population is represented by 85 nationalities. In 2002 Stary Oskol was included in number of a hundred large cities of Russia.
At the entrance to Stary Oskol you can see a tank that guards the peace in our town and as any town we have a heaven patron Alexander Nevsky who protects our life and this monument you can see in the central part of Stary Oskol in Lenina Street.
There is one more historical monument which is to the governor Prince Ivan Solntsev, Ivan Myasnoy and scrivener Michael Nechayev who were the founding fathers of the town.And if you are interested in history you can visit our Museum of Local History.
95 percents of all layouts of this museum are originals. They represent the greatest interest for visitors.
There are special monuments and people cherish the memory of those, who gave their lives for the freedom of the Motherland. These monuments are situated in different parts of our town. Stary Oskol is a City of Military Glory.
Stele monument "City of Military Glory" is located in Victory Square and was opened on September 10, 2011. There is the text of Presidential Decree on awarding the city the honorary title. The sights in Victory square include: the Alley of Heroes of the Great Patriotic War, the monument to the famous war time commander Georgiy Zhukov and the monument to the soldier «After the Fight».
Tens of thousands of citizens come here to watch the salute in commemoration of the brave city and country defenders. More than that there is a fountain here and a cinema «Parnas» so it’s also a leisure centre.
Flowerbeds around this square are the unique combinations of flowers and bushes so it’s also a leisure centre.
ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 25
Прочитать и перевести тексты
London
London is the capital of the United Kingdom. More than six million people live there. London lies on both banks of the river Thames. It is the largest city in Europe and one of the largest cities in the world.
London is economic, political and cultural center of the country. It is one of the world's most important ports and one of the largest cities in the world. London with its suburbs has a population of about 11 million people.
London has been a capital for nearly a thousand years. Many of its ancient buildings still stand. The most famous of them are the Tower of London, Westminster Abbey and St. Paul's Cathedral. Most visitors also want to see the Houses of Parliament and the many magnificent museums.
Once London was a small Roman town of the north bank of the Thames. Slowly it grew into one of the world's major cities.
Different areas of London seem like different cities. The most important parts of London are: the City, the West End, the East End and Westminster.
The West End is the richest part of London. You can find the best shops, theatres, cinemas, museums, fine parks and squares there. Its houses and streets are the finest in the capital. The rich people live in the West End.
The City of London is the district where most offices and banks are concentrated; the Royal Exchange and the Bank of England are here, too. The City is the busiest part of London. People do business there. Only about ten thousand people live there.
The East End is a district where mostly working people live. The old port area is now called "Docklands". There are now new office buildings in Docklands, and thousands of new flats and houses. The East End is the part of London where working people live. It is not so rich as other parts of London and there are fewer parks there.
The City is the busiest part of London. People do business there. Only about ten thousand people live there.
By the day the whole of London is busy. At night, offices are quiet and empty, but the West End stays alive, because this is where Londoners come to enjoy themselves. There are two opera houses here, several concert halls and many theatres, as well as cinemas. In nearby Soho the pubs and restaurants and nightclubs are busy half the night.
Westminster Abbey is one of the most beautiful buildings in London. There are many monuments of great men there. Many great English scientists lie buried there; among them Newton, Darwin and Watt. In the Poets' Corner some of the famous English poets and writers are buried.
London is not only the capital of the country, it is also a very big port, one of the greatest commercial centres in the world, a university city, and the seat of the government of Great Britain.
The city of Washington
The city of Washington, the capital of the United States of America, is located in the District of Columbia (DC for short) Many people consider Washington DC to be one of the most beautiful cities in the world. It is filled with many parks, wide streets and impressive buildings. In the centre of the city, in Capitol Park, visitors' eyes focus on the Capitol, where Congress meets to make laws. Many visitors come to Washington DC to see the White House. It is the greatest attraction for many of them. The White House, the official residence of the President, is situated at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. The largest room in this building of over the hundreds room is the East Room, scene of many state receptions, balls and musicals. Other famous rooms are: the Green Room, the Blue Room, the Red Room, which are used for afternoon teas and for receptions held before state dinners.
The Blue Room, the most formal of these "colors" room is an oval-shaped room connecting the Green and the Red Rooms. On the second floor, the floor with the family quarters and quests rooms is the Lincoln Room, which one served as an office for President Lincoln but today serves as an honor guest room. In this room Lincoln signed the emancipation proclamation of 1863.
Other landmarks in Washington DC include memorials to three Presidents: The Washington Memorial, The Lincoln Memorial and The Jefferson Memorial; The Library of Congress, The National Gallery of Art, The John F. Kennedy center for the Performing Arts. The Capitol is in the very center of Washington. It is located on the Capitol Hill, the highest point in the city. The Capitol is the highest building in Washington. There is a law in Washington not to build buildings higher than the Capitol. The corner stone of the Capitol was laid by George Washington on Sep 18th, 1793. The Capitol is the seat of the government of the United States of America.
New York
New York is the largest city in the Western hemisphere and the third largest in the world. Its population is about fourteen million (with all suburbs – 'Greater New York'). It is situated on the Atlantic coast at the mouth of the Hudson River.
From the Observation Gallery on the top of the 381-metre high Empire State Building you can see that the city is built on a number of islands with Manhattan in the centre. New York City consists of five boroughs – Manhattan, Bronx on the mainland, Brooklyn and Queens on Long Island, and Richmond on Staten Island. As Manhattan, the centre of the city, is an island, very many people either have to cross a bridge, travel through a tunnel, or take a ferry-boat to get to work.
New York is an industrial and cultural centre of the country. Most business is centred in Manhattan Island. The whole area is very small, that's why the sky-scrapers were invented in New York and, especially, in Wall Street. Wall Street is a narrow street with big houses, but it is well known all over the world as the busiest street in the USA. People do business there. There are two more world-famous streets — Broadway and Fifth Avenue. Broadway is the centre of the theatres and night life. It is known as “The Great White Way” because of the electric signs which turn night into day.
It is the city that never goes to sleep. Buses and sub-way run all night. There are many drugstores and restaurants which never close their doors. There are cinemas with films that start at midnight. Fifth Avenue is the great shopping, hotel, and Club Avenue.
New York is the largest port in America. More than half the trade of the United States goes through this city.
There are many places of interest in New York. They are: the Statue of Liberty, the United Nations Building, Empire State Building, Columbia University, City Hall, New York Public Library and others. When you come to New York you see lots of cars, big and small, black and yellow, old and modem; you do not see any trees or flowers in the streets, but only cars. You'll see and hear advertisements everywhere. There is no getting away from them. Advertisements fill the newspapers and cover the walls, they are on menu-cards and match-boxes, and they are shouted through loud speakers and shown in the cinemas.
History of New YorkNew York has had a colourful history. The first European to sight this place was Giovanni da Verrazano, an Italian navigator when, in 1524, he was exploring the North American coast. But in 1609 Henry Hudson, the English navigator, sailed into the bay through the mouth of the river which now bear his name.
In 1625, a Dutchman 'bought' Manhattan Island from the Indians.
Originally New York was called New Amsterdam, and a Dutch engineer was sent from Holland to plan the city. He was asked to build a town and a fort for the Dutch West India Company. It consisted of thirty houses and a mill, and a five-bastioned fort (a fort with five bastions) which was never finished. A small fort, however, was built in 1628.
Some of the houses were there before the engineer came, for Dutch explorers, traders and a garrison had lived on Manhattan since 1613, but it was some years later before a permanent settlement was founded, before streets were built and farms established.
On the 2nd of February, 1653, the first municipal government was formed, but Manhattan Island still belonged to the Dutch West India Company
In 1664 the English seized the settlement and renamed it New York after Britain's Duke of York.1 War broke out 2 again between Britain and Holland and in 1673 a Dutch fleet returned to New York and captured it. The Dutch changed its name again. At the end of the war, in 1674, when Holland was finally defeated, the town was relinquished to Britain.
During the American War of Independence (1775–1783), New York remained for some time in British hands. But on the 30th of April, 1787, George Washington * was inaugurated in New York as the first president of the United States.
New York TodayToday the city is the main seaport and the financial, intellectual and artistic centre of the United States.
But life is not easy there for those who are not rich. Unless you are wealthy, you cannot live on the expensive West Side of Manhattan. The unfashionable East Side is cheaper, but you would still need a good income if you wanted a comfortable life.
People with lower incomes have to live in one of the thousands of slum and semi-slum apartments (flats) with paper-thin walls in Queens or Brooklyn, where in the summer it is very hot, and in the icy winter you can freeze to death.
In Harlem, where mostly black Americans live, the houses are very old, dirty and overcrowded. The streets are narrow and full of playing children.
In these areas fire has always been a constant fear. Several years ago a great fire, with flames reaching a height of ninety metres, raged in Queens. Houses burnt like paper boxes. Hundreds of people lost their homes.
New York is a centre of the movement against race discrimination, for it has a population of many different races and nationalities. The students' progressive movement and the Peace Movement are also well organized and developed.
The headquarters of the United Nations Organization and those of a number of other international organizations are situated in New York.
Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue is one of the major avenues in the center of the borough of Manhattan in New York, USA. It can be compared with Oxford Street in London, the Champs-Élysées in Paris, Via Montenapoleone in Milan, Causeway Bay in Hong Kong, and the Ginza district in Tokyo.
Fifth Avenue originates at Washington Square Park in Greenwich Village and runs northwards through the heart of Midtown, along the eastern side of Central Park, where it forms the boundary of the Upper East Side and through Harlem, where it terminates at the Harlem River at 142nd Street. Traffic crosses the river on the Madison Avenue Bridge.
Though the whole Fifth Avenue serves as a symbol of elegant and wealthy New York, the section between 34th Street and 100th Street proves this most of all. Between 34th and luxury 59th Streets there are the largest department and jewellery stores of New York. Among them are Cartier and Tiffany and Co. jewellery stores, Bergdorf Goodman, Saks Fifth Avenue, Lord and Taylor department stores and others.
Fifty Ninth Street starts the section of luxury houses, hotels and museums. Along the left side of Fifth Avenue here stretches Central Park. At Museum Mile one can visit a well-known Metropolitan Museum of Art, see the rich Frick Collection and the constructivist building designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, that is Guggenheim Museum.
Glasgow
Glasgow is a great Scottish city of about one million people, famous for its shipyards, which line the banks of the Clyde river.
Glasgow citizens are proud of the fact that there is probably not a sea or a sizable stretch of water anywhere from China's Yangtze, Burma's Irrawaddy and South America's Amazon to Lake Titicaca in the Andes Mountains, that is not on any day of the year carrying ships built on Clydebank.
What an interesting story the yards there have to tell I They built the Cutty Sark, the most famous of all the sailing clippers, that raced to Britain from China every year with the new season's crop of tea.
The great Glasgow yards were the birthplace of the three most famous liners: the Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mary, and the Queen Elizabeth II.
On Clydebank they design and build everything from a row-boat to a barge, a dredger, a warship, a floating crane or an ice-breaker.
Think of Glasgow and the Clyde and you automatically think of ships. But ships are not all that is made by the skilful hands of the Glasgow workers.
There are other industries that go with the making of ships, engines and boilers, for instance. Then there are the coal-cutters, the aero engines, the machinery for sugar refineries, and so on. Glasgow is almost as famous for its engineering factories, its ironworks and its chemicals as for its ships. Its workshops also make furniture, clothing, shoes, sweets and biscuits. And carpets.
Glasgow workers wove the carpets for Westminster Abbey,3 the carpets in use in the British House of Lords and the House of Commons and those in the Commonwealth Parliament buildings at Canberra, Australia, and in the New Zealand Parliament, Wellington.
Besides being a great industrial town, Glasgow is an important centre of Scottish culture. The Medical School of Glasgow's ancient University is known all over" the world. The city has fine arts galleries, libraries and a cathedral of considerable architectural interest.
In George Square, Glasgow, you can see the statues of those great sons of Scotland: Walter Scott, who wrote sixty-one books; James Watt, who invented the steam-engine; and Robert Burns, who wrote poems never to be forgotten by mankind.
The working class of Glasgow is proud of its revolutionary traditions. The Clyde Strike of 1919 was one of the greatest in Britain. Over 100,000 workers took part in it, fighting against the police and the army. The strike was suppressed, but the workers have never stopped struggling for their rights, for a better life.

перечень Вопросов к дифференцированному зачёту1. Моя визитная карточка. Моя семья. Множественное число существительных.
2. Мои друзья. Местоимения.
3.Внешность и характер. Притяжательный падеж.
4.Мои планы на будущее. Числительные.
5.Наша квартира в городе. Оборот there be.
6. Наш дом загородом. Оборот there be.
7. Мой рабочий день. Повелительное наклонение.
8. Еда. Магазины и покупки. Времена группы Present Simple Active.
9. Спорт в моей жизни. Предлоги.
10. Олимпийские игры. Типы вопросов.
11. Спорт и здоровый образ жизни. Модальные глаголы.
12. Мое свободное время.
13. Выходные. Времена группы Progressive Active
14. Мои каникулы.
15. Путешествия.
16. Хобби. Времена группы Past Simple и Future Simple Active
17. Времена года и погода.
18. Мое любимое время года.
19. Охрана окружающей среды.
20. Мир животных.
21. Природные катастрофы. Прилагательные. Степени сравнения.
22. Моя малая родина, ее достопримечательности.
23. Города мира, их достопримечательности. Времена группы Perfect Active.

Библиографический списокОсновные источники:
- Агабекян И. П. Английский язык Изд. 22-е, стер. Ростов-на-Дону: Феникс, 2013. – 318 с. (СПО)
- Агабекян И. П. Английский язык для ссузов: учебное пособие, Москва; Проспект, 2012. – 288 с.
- Восковская, А.С., Карпова Т.А. Английский язык для средних специальных учебных заведений: Ростов-на-Дону: «Феникс», 2009. – 384 с. (Серия «Среднее профессиональное образование»)
- Кузовлев В.П., Лапа Н.М. Английский язык. 10 - 11 классы: учебник для общеобразовательных учреждений с приложением на электронном носителе -14-е изд. М.: Просвещение, 2012 г. — 336 с.
- Бонк Н. А. и др. Учебник английского языка в 2-х томах. Н. А. Бонк, Г. А. Котий, Н. А. Пукоянова. – М.: «Деконт», 2008.
- Голицынский Ю.Б. Грамматика: Сборник упражнений. - 6-е изд., - СПб: КАРО, 2008.
Дополнительные источники:
1. Голицынский Ю.Б. / Грамматика: Сборник упражнений. — СПб.: КАРО, 2011. — 192 с.
2. Винокуров А.М. Англо-русский и русско-английский словарь. 40 тысяч слов и словосочетаний. Изд. 2-е, М: Мартин, 2013 – 512 с.
3. Русско-английский и англо-русский словарь (с грамматическим приложением). 50 тысяч слов. М: ЛадКом, - 2014, - 544 с.
4. А.С. Хорнби . Учебный словарь современного английского языка: Спец. изд. М.: Просвещение, 1983, 769 с.
Интернет-ресурсы:
www.ioso.ru/distant/communityhttp://school-collection.edu.ru – аудио файлыhttp://lessons.study.ruhttp://www.onestopenglish.com/http://www.funology.com/www.eun.orgwww.usembassy.ru/english.htm Всё для учителей английского!
www.vestnik.egu.ru Журнал Вестникобразования.



Приложенные файлы


Добавить комментарий