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ST. VALENTINE’S DAY History of St Valentine’s DayOne legend says that Valentine was a priest who served during the third century in Rome. When Emperor Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those married, he outlawed marriage for young men.Valentine, realizing the injustice of the decree, defied Claudius and continued to perform marriages for young lovers in secret. When Valentine’s actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death. And Valentine’s Day is celebrated in the middle of February to commemorate the anniversary of Valentine’s death, which probably occurred around 270 A.D. According to another legend, Valentine actually sent the first ‘valentine’ greeting himself. While in prison, Valentine fell in love with a young girl, his jailor’s daughter, who visited him during his confinement. Before his death, he wrote her a letter, which he signed ‘From your Valentine,’ an expression that is still in use today. Legends usually says that Valentine was a sympathetic, heroic, and romantic person. In the Middle Ages, Valentine was one of the most popular saints in England and France. Valentine’s Day in 17-18 centuriesGradually, February 14 became the date for exchanging love messages and St. Valentine became the patron saint of lovers. The date was marked by sending simple gifts such as flowers. In Great Britain, Valentine’s Day began to be popularly celebrated around the seventeenth century. By the middle of the eighteenth century, it was common for friends and lovers in all social classes to exchange small tokens of affection or handwritten notes.By the end of the century, printed cards began to replace written letters due to improvements in printing technology.Americans probably began exchanging hand-made valentines in the early 1700s. In the 1840s, Esther A. Howland, known as the Mother of the Valentine, began to sell the first mass-produced valentines in America. Valentine’s Day in Present TimesNowadays Valentine’s Day is celebrated in many countries of the world on February 14. It is a day on which lovers express their love for each other by presenting flowers, offering confectionery, and sending greeting cards (known as “valentines”). Modern Valentine’s Day symbols include the heart-shaped outline, doves, and the figure of the winged Cupid. If you are fallen in love you Valentnine’s Day is the great opportunity to open your feelings, to share them. As for present usually people in Russia give flowers (red or pink rose), choсolate or jewelry and go the restaurant. Interesting factsValentine’s Day is the second largest card-sending holiday of the year (after Christmas).Approximately 85 percent of all valentines are purchased by women Who was Valentine according to the first legend?Why is the Valentine’s day celebrated in February,14?Who was Valentine according to another legend?What did Valentine write in the letter to the jailor’s daughter before his death?When did Valentine’s Day begin to be popularly celebrated in Great Britain? In the USA?Why is Esther A. Howland known as the Mother of the Valentine?What modern Valentine’s Day symbols do you know?What do usually people in Russia give each other as for present?What interesting facts about Valentine’s day do you know? St. Valentine’s Day is not only romantic holiday in Russia. On July, 08 we have the day of St. Peter and St. Fevronia as known as the Day of Family, Love and Faithfulness. Peter and Fevronia
St. Valentine’s Day is not only romantic holiday in Russia. On July, 08 we have the day of St. Peter and St. Fevronia as known as the Day of Family, Love and Faithfulness.
And only country maid Fevronia was able to heal him. They fell in love and got married.
The story of Duke Peter and peasant woman Fevronia goes back us to the 16th Century. After the battle with the snake Duke Peter was infected with the snake’s venom.
But local arictocrtas were dissatisfied with idea of new peasant Duchess . They offered Fevronia any jewelries or riches she could probably want to have in return to leave the city and never come back.
.. . But for Fevronia the only wealth was her husband, Duke Peter, and she took him. After the couple left Murom town where they lived went out of order and aristocrats asked Duke and Duchess to return and they agreed. Their last days were in separate monasteries. They prayed to die on the same day and to be buried in the same grave.
But as on Russian Orthodox Church rules theycoudn’t be buried in the same grave since they were a monk and a nun and therefore they were buried separately. A day after their bodies were dissapered and to everyone’s surpise found in one coffin. It was happened several times and,finally, Orthodox Church agreed to bury them in the same grave where they are still.
Since 2008, this day is marked as the official holiday in Russia and celebrated as a day of family and gladness in marriage.
Monument to Saint Peter and Fevronia in Murom A monument in ArkhangelskA monument in Sochi
A monument in Yaroslavl.